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|Studies of Mira Stars and Their Small-Amplitude Relatives|
Some aspects of the nature and evolution of Mira stars and theirsmall-amplitude relatives are briefly described. As stars ascend theasymbiotic giant branch, it appears that they begin to pulsate whentheir effective temperature drops below 3800 K. The amplitude tends toincrease with decreasing temperature. The stars show appreciableperiodicity, perhaps beginning to pulsate in a high radial overtone,then in lower overtones as they approach the Mira stage. Mode-switchingis occasionally observed in the small-amplitude variables. There isappreciable irregularitiy in the latter stars, including long-termvariability of unknown cause. Our understanding if these stars willcertainly increase as a result of new Hipparcos parallaxes and otheradvances. The observation and analysis of these and other variablesprovides fruitful projects for students.
|Evidence for sudden moderate mixing events in early M giants|
We have determined the C-12/C-13 ratio in 8 M giants and combined ourdata with previous measurements to establish that in early M giantsC-12/C-13 = 11.8 +/- 3.8, where 3.8 is the dispersion, not the standarderror of the mean. This low ratio, comparable to the ratio in thecoolest red giants and clump stars in M67, has been combined withlithium abundances for the same stars, as reported in the literature.The Li abundances range over three orders of magnitude while theC-12/C-13 ratio is virtually constant. We interpret this as due to smallsudden mixing processes during the evolution of M giants that bringsrecently produced Li-7 to the stellar surface, without penetrating todepths at which the C-12/C-13 ratio would be modified.
|Walraven photometry of nearby southern OB associations|
Homogeneous Walraven (VBLUW) photometry is presented for 5260 stars inthe regions of five nearby southern OB associations: Scorpio Centaurus(Sco OB2), Orion OB1, Canis Major OB1, Monoceros OB1, and Scutum OB2.Derived V and (B - V) in the Johnson system are included.
|Radial velocities of southern stars obtained with the photoelectric scanner CORAVEL. III - 790 late-type bright stars|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1985A&AS...59...15A&db_key=AST
|Radial velocity study of four southern RS CVn candidates and related field stars|
Radial velocity variations are demonstrated for four southern RS CVncandidates: HD 39937, 101379, 155555, and 174429. The period of HD155555 appears to have decreased by about one part in 100,000 over thepast 18 yr. In addition, high-resolution observations of the Ca II H andK profiles and the Mg II 2800-A emission doublet are presented. Theseenhance the likelihood of these being RS CVn objects. Radial velocitydata for 15 other late-type bright field stars are presented. Some ofthese were observed by Copernicus and may exhibit unusual chromospheres,while the rest lack radial velocity information as tabulated in theBright Star Catalog. All velocity measures have been corrected to theIAU heliocentric system.
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|Proper motion RA:||-65.3|
|Proper motion Dec:||-21.5|
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