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Rotational velocities of A-type stars in the northern hemisphere. II. Measurement of v sin i
This work is the second part of the set of measurements of v sin i forA-type stars, begun by Royer et al. (\cite{Ror_02a}). Spectra of 249 B8to F2-type stars brighter than V=7 have been collected at Observatoirede Haute-Provence (OHP). Fourier transforms of several line profiles inthe range 4200-4600 Å are used to derive v sin i from thefrequency of the first zero. Statistical analysis of the sampleindicates that measurement error mainly depends on v sin i and thisrelative error of the rotational velocity is found to be about 5% onaverage. The systematic shift with respect to standard values fromSlettebak et al. (\cite{Slk_75}), previously found in the first paper,is here confirmed. Comparisons with data from the literature agree withour findings: v sin i values from Slettebak et al. are underestimatedand the relation between both scales follows a linear law ensuremath vsin inew = 1.03 v sin iold+7.7. Finally, thesedata are combined with those from the previous paper (Royer et al.\cite{Ror_02a}), together with the catalogue of Abt & Morrell(\cite{AbtMol95}). The resulting sample includes some 2150 stars withhomogenized rotational velocities. Based on observations made atObservatoire de Haute Provence (CNRS), France. Tables \ref{results} and\ref{merging} are only available in electronic form at the CDS viaanonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/393/897

On the Period-Luminosity-Colour-Metallicity relation and the pulsational characteristics of lambda Bootis type stars
Generally, chemical peculiarity found for stars on the upper mainsequence excludes delta Scuti type pulsation (e.g. Ap and Am stars), butfor the group of lambda Bootis stars it is just the opposite. This makesthem very interesting for asteroseismological investigations. The groupof lambda Bootis type stars comprises late B- to early F-type,Population I objects which are basically metal weak, in particular theFe group elements, but with the clear exception of C, N, O and S. Thepresent work is a continuation of the studies by Paunzen et al.(\cite{Pau97}, \cite{Pau98}), who presented first results on thepulsational characteristics of the lambda Bootis stars. Since then, wehave observed 22 additional objects; we found eight new pulsators andconfirmed another one. Furthermore, new spectroscopic data (Paunzen\cite{Pau01}) allowed us to sort out misidentified candidates and to addtrue members to the group. From 67 members of this group, only two arenot photometrically investigated yet which makes our analysis highlyrepresentative. We have compared our results on the pulsationalbehaviour of the lambda Bootis stars with those of a sample of deltaScuti type objects. We find that at least 70% of all lambda Bootis typestars inside the classical instability strip pulsate, and they do sowith high overtone modes (Q < 0.020 d). Only a few stars, if any,pulsate in the fundamental mode. Our photometric results are inexcellent agreement with the spectroscopic work on high-degree nonradialpulsations by Bohlender et al. (\cite{Boh99}). Compared to the deltaScuti stars, the cool and hot borders of the instability strip of thelambda Bootis stars are shifted by about 25 mmag, towards smaller(b-y)_0. Using published abundances and the metallicity sensitiveindices of the Geneva 7-colour and Strömgren uvbybeta systems, wehave derived [Z] values which describe the surface abundance of theheavier elements for the group members. We find that thePeriod-Luminosity-Colour relation for the group of lambda Bootis starsis within the errors identical with that of the normal delta Scutistars. No clear evidence for a statistically significant metallicityterm was detected. Based on observations from the Austrian AutomaticPhotoelectric Telescope (Fairborn Observatory), SAAO and Siding SpringObservatory.

Sixth Catalogue of Fundamental Stars (FK6). Part III. Additional fundamental stars with direct solutions
The FK6 is a suitable combination of the results of the HIPPARCOSastrometry satellite with ground-based data, measured over a longinterval of time and summarized mainly in the FK5. Part III of the FK6(abbreviated FK6(III)) contains additional fundamental stars with directsolutions. Such direct solutions are appropriate for single stars or forobjects which can be treated like single stars. Part III of the FK6contains in total 3272 stars. Their ground-based data stem from thebright extension of the FK5 (735 stars), from the catalogue of remainingSup stars (RSup, 732 stars), and from the faint extension of the FK5(1805 stars). From the 3272 stars in Part III, we have selected 1928objects as "astrometrically excellent stars", since their instantaneousproper motions and their mean (time-averaged) ones do not differsignificantly. Hence most of the astrometrically excellent stars arewell-behaving "single-star candidates" with good astrometric data. Thesestars are most suited for high-precision astrometry. On the other hand,354 of the stars in Part III are Δμ binaries in the sense ofWielen et al. (1999). Many of them are newly discovered probablebinaries with no other hitherto known indication of binarity. The FK6gives, besides the classical "single-star mode" solutions (SI mode),other solutions which take into account the fact that hidden astrometricbinaries among "apparently single-stars" introduce sizable "cosmicerrors" into the quasi-instantaneously measured HIPPARCOS proper motionsand positions. The FK6 gives, in addition to the SI mode, the "long-termprediction (LTP) mode" and the "short-term prediction (STP) mode". TheseLTP and STP modes are on average the most precise solutions forapparently single stars, depending on the epoch difference with respectto the HIPPARCOS epoch of about 1991. The typical mean error of anFK6(III) proper motion in the single-star mode is 0.59 mas/year. This isa factor of 1.34 better than the typical HIPPARCOS errors for thesestars of 0.79 mas/year. In the long-term prediction mode, in whichcosmic errors are taken into account, the FK6(III) proper motions have atypical mean error of 0.93 mas/year, which is by a factor of about 2better than the corresponding error for the HIPPARCOS values of 1.83mas/year (cosmic errors included).

A revised catalogue of delta Sct stars
An extensive and up-dated list of delta Sct stars is presented here.More than 500 papers, published during the last few years, have beenrevised and 341 new variables have been added to our last list, sixyears ago. This catalogue is intended to be a comprehensive review onthe observational characteristics of all the delta Sct stars known untilnow, including stars contained in earlier catalogues together with othernew discovered variables, covering information published until January2000. In summary, 636 variables, 1149 references and 182 individualnotes are presented in this new list. Tables 1 and 2 will be accessibleonly in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp tocdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html

An extensive Delta a-photometric survey of southern B and A type bright stars
Photoelectric photometry of 803 southern BS objects in the Deltaa-system as detection tool for magnetic chemically peculiar (=CP2) starshas been carried out and compared to published spectral types. Thestatistical yield of such objects detected by both techniques ispractically the same. We show that there are several factors whichcontaminate the search for these stars, but this contamination is onlyof the order of 10% in both techniques. We find a smooth transition fromnormal to peculiar stars. Our sample exhibits the largest fraction ofCP2 stars at their bluest colour interval, i.e. 10% of all stars in thecolour range -0.19 <= B-V < -0.10 or -0.10 <= b-y < -0.05.No peculiar stars based on the Delta a-criterion were found at bluercolours. Towards the red side the fraction of CP2 stars drops to about3% for positive values of B-V or b-y with red limits roughlycorresponding to normal stars of spectral type A5. The photometricbehaviour of other peculiar stars: Am, HgMn, delta Del, lambda Boo, Heabnormal stars, as well as Be/shell stars and supergiants shows someslight, but definite deviations from normal stars. Spectroscopic andvisual binaries are not distinguished from normal stars in their Delta abehaviour. The results of this work justify larger statistical work(e.g. in open clusters) employing more time-saving photometric methods(CCD). \newpage Based on observations obtained at the European SouthernObservatory, La Silla, Chile. This research has made use of the Simbaddatabase, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France. Table 2 is only availablein electronic form via anonymous ftp orhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html

Are metallic A-F giants evolved AM stars? Rotation and rate of binaries among giant F stars
We test the hypothesis of Berthet (1992) {be91} which foresees that Amstars become giant metallic A and F stars (defined by an enhanced valueof the blanketing parameter Delta m_2 of the Geneva photometry) whenthey evolve. If this hypothesis is right, Am and metallic A-FIII starsneed to have the same rate of binaries and a similar distribution ofvsin i. From our new spectroscopic data and from vsin i and radialvelocities in the literature, we show that it is not the case. Themetallic giant stars are often fast rotators with vsin i larger than 100kms(-1) , while the maximum rotational velocity for Am stars is about100 kms(-1) . The rate of tight binaries with periods less than 1000days is less than 30% among metallic giants, which is incompatible withthe value of 75% for Am stars - [Abt & Levy 1985] {ab85}).Therefore, the simplest way to explain the existence of giant metallic Fstars is to suggest that all normal A and early F stars might go througha short ``metallic" phase when they are finishing their life on the mainsequence. Besides, it is shown that only giant stars with spectral typecomprised between F0 and F6 may have a really enhanced Delta m_2 value,while all A-type giants seem to be normal. Based on observationscollected at Observatoire de Haute Provence (OHP), France.

Amplitude variations of the multimode nonradial δ Scuti pulsator 4 CVn
New photoelectric photometry of the δ Scuti variable 4 CVn revealslong-term slow variations of multimode pulsational frequencies and theiramplitudes. We have confirmed 5(f1, f2,f3, f5, f7) of the 7 frequenciesidentified in the literature. Besides presenting the long-termvariations of the different amplitudes, we have found three newsuspected frequencies in the new data. Although Blazhko effect and moderesonance along with its coupling between different nonradial modesthrough interaction can be reasonably used to explain the observedchanges of periods and amplitudes, it should be carefully checked andanalyzed before RR Lyr-like light curve shape and new pulsation modescan be established with certainty.

Amplitude variations of the multimode nonradial delta Scuti pulsator 4 CVn.
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Frequency analysis of the light curve of the δ Scuti star HD 74292
Not Available

A Photometric Study of the delta Scuti Star FG Virginis Undertaken during 1985/6
93 hours of photoelectric photometry of FG Virginis were obtained during1985 and 1986. Seven frequencies of pulsation with significantdetections could be extracted from the photometry. The seven detectedfrequencies agree with those found in a larger, independent photometricstudy by Breger et al. carried out during 1993, in which ten frequencieswere found. The present data also show the 8th and 9th frequencies foundduring 1993, but below the signal-to-noise limit of significance adoptedin our studies. The y amplitudes determined from the present work andthe 1993 data agree to +- 1.0 millimag, suggesting that no significantamplitude variations occurred during the eight years. For the dominantfrequency of 12.72 c/d a phase shift of theta-b-y - theta-y = 7 degreesis found, compatible with a nonradial p mode of 1=1 and 2. (SECTION:Stars)

The Relation between Rotational Velocities and Spectral Peculiarities among A-Type Stars
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1995ApJS...99..135A&db_key=AST

Ca II H and K Filter Photometry on the UVBY System. II. The Catalog of Observations
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1995AJ....109.2828T&db_key=AST

Stability of frequency content in light curves of 44 Tauri
A CCD time series photometry was performed for 44 Tau, a multiperiodicdelta Scuti star. The light curves were obtained over 19 nights from1992 October to 1993 February. From the analysis of the data by means ofFourier transform and nonlinear least-squares fitting, the sevenfrequencies identified by Poretti et al. (1992) were derived. Theanalysis of the new data confirmed the existence of two very closefrequencies, 6.90 and 7.01 c/d; it was also found that the frequencycomponent of 9.56 c/d which was the seventh strongest one three yearsago, was strengthened to the third during the period of ourobservations. On the other hand, the frequency of 9.12 c/d which was thethird strongest component three years ago, appeared as the weakest onein our observations.

A catalogue of variable stars in the lower instability strip.
Identifications, positions, photometry, spectra, some pulsationalfeatures, other astrophysical parameters and literature for 302pulsating variable stars in the lower instability strip, near the ZAMS,are given. About 185 stars have near homogeneous photometric informationin the Stroemgren's uvby-β photometric system. Thiscatalogue/database covers information published until November 1993.

Insight into the Pulsational Behaviour of δ Scuti Stars
Not Available

Second astrolabe catalogue of Santiago.
Positions for 350 FK5 and 164 FK5 Extension stars as determined with theDanjon astrolabe of Santiago and differences astrolabe-catalogue aregiven for Equinox J2000.0 and for the mean observation epoch of eachstar. The average mean error in alpha is +/-0.005s and +/-0.07" indelta. The mean epoch of observation of the catalogue is J1979.96.

δ Scuti stars: a new revised list
An extensive and up to date list of δ Sct stars is presented. Thiscatalogue is intended to be a comprehensive review of observationalcharacteristics of all the δ Sct stars known until now, includingstars contained in earlier catalogues together with other new discoveredvariables, covering information published until November 1993. Globalinformation in the form of histograms and diagrams are also shown.

Improved Mean Positions and Proper Motions for the 995 FK4 Sup Stars not Included in the FK5 Extension
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Long-term amplitude and period variations of delta Scuti stars: A sign of chaos?
On short time-scales of under a year, the vast majority of delta Scutistars studied in detail show completely regular multiperiodic pulsation.Nonradial pulsation is characterized by the excitation of a large numberof modes with small amplitudes. Reports of short-term irregularity ornon-periodicity in the literature need to be examined carefully, sinceinsufficient observational data can lead to an incorrect impression ofirregularity. Some interesting cases of reported irregularities areexamined. A few delta Scuti stars, such as 21 Mon, have shown stablevariations with sudden mode switching to a new frequency spectrum. Thissituation might be an indication of deterministic chaos. However, theobservational evidence for mode switching is still weak. One the otherhand, the case for the existence of long-term amplitude and periodchanges is becoming quite convincing. Recently found examples ofnonradial pulsators with long-term changes are 4 CVn, 44 Tau, tau Pegand HD 2724. Neither the amplitude nor the period changes are periodic,although irregular cycles with time scales between a few and twentyyears can be seen. While the amplitude changes can be very large, theperiod changes are quite small. The nonperiodic long-term changes areinterpreted in terms of resonances between different nonradial modes. Itis shown that a large number of the nonradial acoustic modes can be inresonance with other modes once the mode interaction terms, differentradial orders and rotational m-mode splitting are considered. Theseresonances are illustrated numerically by the use of pulsation model.Observational evidence is presented that these interaction modes existin the low-frequency domain.

South African Astronomical Observatory. Research.
Not Available

Doing research with small telescopes : frequency analysis of multiperiodic delta Scuti stars.
Not Available

Study of Delta Scuti stars in the Geneva photometric system. II - The complex case of HD 2724 (= HR 119)
The results of the frequency analyses for the complex case of HD 2724are presented. Although based on a large and accurate data set coveringmore than one year, we were unable to derive a common frequency solutionfor the data of different years. Two frequencies can be unambiguouslyidentified in the proposed multiperiodic solution, with sufficient proofof their reliability. The possible modal content of HD 2724 is discussedin view of its physical parameters derived in the Geneva PhotometricSystem. HD 2724 is a plausible candidate for amplitude modulation inmultimode Delta Scuti stars.

Einstein Observatory magnitude-limited X-ray survey of late-type giant and supergiant stars
Results are presented of an extensive X-ray survey of 380 giant andsupergiant stars of spectral types from F to M, carried out with theEinstein Observatory. It was found that the observed F giants orsubgiants (slightly evolved stars with a mass M less than about 2 solarmasses) are X-ray emitters at the same level of main-sequence stars ofsimilar spectral type. The G giants show a range of emissions more than3 orders of magnitude wide; some single G giants exist with X-rayluminosities comparable to RS CVn systems, while some nearby large Ggiants have upper limits on the X-ray emission below typical solarvalues. The K giants have an observed X-ray emission level significantlylower than F and F giants. None of the 29 M giants were detected, exceptfor one spectroscopic binary.

Study of Delta Scuti stars in the Geneva photometric system. I - New photometric data and period analysis for nine stars
Results are presented of the period analyses for nine Delta Scuti stars,of which six are new short-period variable stars. For some of thesestars, extensive data sets covering time bases of the order of two yearsor more were obtained. The results from year to year are consistent withthe multiperiodic solution derived from the combined data for thosestars with the largest data sets. In some cases of less frequentlyobserved stars, the results are not always compatible with one another.It is suggested that, generally, this is due to insufficient datasampling or too narrow time bases. The fact that many unevolved orslightly evolved Delta Scuti stars are multiperiodic with very smallamplitudes of a couple of hundredths of a magnitude is confirmed.

Empirical P-L-C relation for Delta Scuti stars - A catalogue
An extensive and up-to-date list of 192 Delta Scuti stars is presented.Empirical period - luminosity - color (P-L-C) relations are obtained forthe four lowest modes corresponding to radial pulsations. Agreement withpredicted values indicates that, in general, both Stroemgren photometriccalibration and pulsation theory work well for these stars.

Amplitude variations of the multimode nonradial pulsator 4 Canum Venaticorum
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1990A&A...240..308B&db_key=AST

The early F-type stars - Refined classification, confrontation with Stromgren photometry, and the effects of rotation
The classification for early F-type stars in the MK spectralclassification system presented by Gray and Garrison (1987) is refined.The effect of rotation on spectral classification and ubvy-betaphotometry of early F-type stars is examined. It is found that theclassical luminosity criterion, the 4417 A/4481 A ratio givesinconsistent results. It is shown that most of the stars in the DeltaDelphini class of metallic-line stars are either normal or areindistinguishable from proto-Am stars. It is suggested that thedesignation Delta Delphini should be dropped. The classifications arecompared with Stromgren photometry. The effects of rotation on thedelta-c1 index in the early-F field dwarfs is demonstrated.

Non-radial oscillations in HR 1225, Omicron1 Eridani and HR 547
An analysis of photoelectric measurements of HR 1255, Omicron Eri, andHR 547 obtained over a short time interval has confirmed the presence ofa set of three frequencies in the light variations of these stars. Modalcontent data were obtained using the relationship between the period andthe calculated pulsation constant. Values of 6.41 c/d, 10.26 c/d, and8.98 c/d were found for HR 1225, with the first two terms beingexplained by nonradial pulsations and the third term being explained bya fundamental radial mode. For the case of Omicron1 Eri (13.38 c/d, 6.94c/d, and 6.03 c/d) and HR 547 (11.06 c/d, 9.70 c/d, and 4.61 c/d), noradial mode was detected.

The 68th Name-List of Variable Stars
Not Available

Metallicism among A and F giant stars
132 stars considered as A and F giants have been studied for theirproperties in the Geneva photometric system. It is shown that thissystem to derive the temperature, absolute magnitude and Fe/H value forstars in this part of the HR diagram. 36 percent of the stars of oursample exhibit an enhanced value Delta m2 that can be interpreted interms of Fe/H. The red limit of stars having an enhanced Fe/H value is0.225 in B2-V1 or 6500 K in Teff. This corresponds to the limit definedby Vauclair and Vauclair (1982) where the diffusion timescale is equalto the stellar lifetime and permits the assumption that the diffusion isthe process responsible for the metallicism observed in the A and Fgiants.

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Observation and Astrometry data

Right ascension:01h52m52.10s
Apparent magnitude:5.8
Distance:101.317 parsecs
Proper motion RA:43.3
Proper motion Dec:-52.7
B-T magnitude:6.086
V-T magnitude:5.814

Catalogs and designations:
Proper Names   (Edit)
HD 1989HD 11522
TYCHO-2 2000TYC 5856-2246-1
USNO-A2.0USNO-A2 0675-00664265
BSC 1991HR 547

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