|Ultraviolet and Optical Studies of Binaries with Luminous Cool Primaries and Hot Companions. V. The Entire IUE Sample|
We have obtained or retrieved IUE spectra for over 100 middle- andlate-type giant and supergiant stars whose spectra indicate the presenceof a hot component earlier than type F2. The hot companions areclassified accurately by temperature class from their far-UV spectra.The interstellar extinction of each system and the relative luminositiesof the components are derived from analysis of the UV and opticalfluxes, using a grid of UV intrinsic colors for hot dwarfs. We find thatthere is fair agreement in general between current UV spectralclassification and ground-based hot component types, in spite of thedifficulties of assigning the latter. There are a few cases in which thecool component optical classifications disagree considerably with thetemperature classes inferred from our analysis of UV and opticalphotometry. The extinction parameter agrees moderately well with otherdeterminations of B-V color excess. Many systems are worthy of furtherstudy especially to establish their spectroscopic orbits. Further workis planned to estimate luminosities of the cool components from the dataherein; in many cases, these luminosities' accuracies should becomparable to or exceed those of the Hipparcos parallaxes.
|The ROSAT all-sky survey catalogue of optically bright OB-type stars.|
For the detailed statistical analysis of the X-ray emission of hot starswe selected all stars of spectral type O and B listed in the Yale BrightStar Catalogue and searched for them in the ROSAT All-Sky Survey. Inthis paper we describe the selection and preparation of the data andpresent a compilation of the derived X-ray data for a complete sample ofbright OB stars.
|Colour excesses of F-G supergiants and Cepheids from Geneva photometry.|
A reddening scale for F-G supergiants and Cepheids is presented.Supergiants with low reddenings or in clusters form the basis of thecalibration. In this sense, it is entirely empirical. The data have beenobtained in the Geneva photometric system. Comparisons with otherreddening scales show no disagreement. The only problem is with Fernie'sscale for Cepheids (1990), where a systematic trend exists. Its originis not clear. It is suggested to extend the number of supergiants withindependently obtained colour excesses in order to test the existence ofa possible luminosity dependence of the calibration. A period-colourrelation for Cepheids is deduced, on the basis of the present reddeningcorrections. It gives strong support for V473 Lyr being a secondovertone pulsator.
|The Relation between Rotational Velocities and Spectral Peculiarities among A-Type Stars|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1995ApJS...99..135A&db_key=AST
|Vitesses radiales. Catalogue WEB: Wilson Evans Batten. Subtittle: Radial velocities: The Wilson-Evans-Batten catalogue.|
We give a common version of the two catalogues of Mean Radial Velocitiesby Wilson (1963) and Evans (1978) to which we have added the catalogueof spectroscopic binary systems (Batten et al. 1989). For each star,when possible, we give: 1) an acronym to enter SIMBAD (Set ofIdentifications Measurements and Bibliography for Astronomical Data) ofthe CDS (Centre de Donnees Astronomiques de Strasbourg). 2) the numberHIC of the HIPPARCOS catalogue (Turon 1992). 3) the CCDM number(Catalogue des Composantes des etoiles Doubles et Multiples) byDommanget & Nys (1994). For the cluster stars, a precise study hasbeen done, on the identificator numbers. Numerous remarks point out theproblems we have had to deal with.
|A cool supergiant with anomalous behavior of the 2800 MG II doublet|
The IUE ultraviolet spectrum for a supergiant of type G Ia, HD 135345,is obtained for the wavelength region 2000-3000 A. In the spectrum, thecontinuum as well as the feature of the Mg II doublet at 2800 A is foundto be anomalous. The observed level of continuum increases toward shortwavelengths to 2000 A, verifying that this supergiant is actually abinary system with a hot companion. The anomalies in the magnesiumdoublet are the complete absence of the chromospheric emission and thevery small equivalent width of the doublet absorption: the equivalentwidth is 4 A, which is 7.5 times smaller than that for a typical G5star. The main parameters of the binary system are obtained, namely,spectral classes, effective temperatures, ratio of radii, and visiblemagnitudes.
|Walraven photometry of nearby southern OB associations|
Homogeneous Walraven (VBLUW) photometry is presented for 5260 stars inthe regions of five nearby southern OB associations: Scorpio Centaurus(Sco OB2), Orion OB1, Canis Major OB1, Monoceros OB1, and Scutum OB2.Derived V and (B - V) in the Johnson system are included.
|IUE and stars with composite spectra|
The IUE contribution to the study of binary stars is reviewed. The valueof ultraviolet spectra in defining the parameters of hot companions indouble systems is emphasized, as this is important for understanding ofthe masses, luminosities, and evolutionary states of both the componentstars. Cataclysmic variables; precataclysmics; symbiotic stars;atmospheric eclipsing binaries; Algols; cool and hot binaries; heavymetal stars; noninteractors; and Cepheids are discussed.
|On the (B-V) colors of the bright stars|
The possible causes of the dispersion of (B-V) colors of nearby stars inthe Bright Star Catalog are investigated. The distribution of (B-V)colors is presented for the entire range of spectral classes.Explanations for the dispersion in terms of a nonuniform distribution ofinterstellar absorbing material and a variability of metallicity areaddressed. A new statistical model for reddening by interstellar dustclouds is developed. It is concluded that extinction by nonuniforminterstellar matter is an important contribution to the reddening ofnearby stars, and that a part of the dispersion of (B-V) colors of Kand, possibly, M giants may be due to some unidentified variableproperty of those stars.
|Narrow-band photometry of late-type stars. II|
This paper presents extensive narrow-band photometry in the Uppsalasystem supplementing earlier published mesurements so that data now areavailable for all late-type stars brighter than V = 6.05 and a number ofgalactic cluster members. Numerous UBV and BV measurements are alsopublished. The data are used to determine relations for the predictionof UBV intrinsic colors for late-type stars from the narrow-bandmeasurements. The main purpose of the data is to constitute the basisfor the determination of solar-neighborhood space densities of late-typestars, mainly giants of different kinds; these space densities will becombined with narrow-band data for fainter stars in the north Galacticpole region to yield the decrease of space density with distance fromthe galactic plane for many kinds of late-type stars.
|Ultraviolet survey for hot companions among nonvariable yellow supergiants|
Twenty nonvariable yellow supergiants have been observed for the firsttime with the International Ultraviolet Explorer satellite, with the aimof discovering hot companions. Two newly discovered systems areannounced: HD 74395 (G2 I + B9.5 IV-V) and HD 193469 (later than G0 + B8IV-V). The Cepheid HD 9250 was also observed, but no hot companion wasfound. Some stars independently known to have a hot companion wereincluded in order to study the properties of the companions and tocompare with previous work. Atmospheric models were used to fit theoverall energy distribution of the binary system, allowing an estimateof Te, log g, and the spectral type of the companion. The magnitudedifferences, in the V band, between the yellow supergiants and theircompanions were calculated. The possibility of using this magnitudedifference and the spectral type determined for the hot companions toestimate M(v) for the yellow supergiants and the distance to the systemsis explored. Comparison of the binaries' positions in the H-R diagramwith theoretical evolutionary tracks suggests that the masses of theprimaries are contained between 5 and 9 solar masses and that, onaverage, they are about twice as massive as their hot companions.
|Ultraviolet and optical studies of binaries with luminous cool primaries and hot companions. III - RETICON radial velocities|
Radial velocities for 72 stars, most of them known or suspected binarieswith F - K giant-supergiant primaries, are derived from Reticon spectrain the region 6005-6235 A at a scale of 7 km/s per diode.Cross-correlation of the spectra normally produces results accurate tobetter than 1.0 km/s. Eight new radial velocity variables are found (HR2786, R Pup, HR 3291, HR 4451, HD 114520, HR 5667, HR 7014, and Nu1Sgr). Improved orbits are determined for 15 known spectroscopicbinaries, and provisional orbits are obtained for seven newspectroscopic binaries.
|New UBVRI photometry for 900 supergiants|
A description is presented of the results obtained in connection with asystematic program of supergiant photometry on the Johnson UBVRI system.During the eight years after the start of the program, almost 1000 starshave been observed, about 400 three or more times each. The originalselection of stars used the spectral type catalog of Jaschek et al.(1964) to choose supergiants. Since observations were possible from bothChile and Canada, no declination limits were imposed, and no particularselection criteria were imposed other than to eliminate carbon stars.These are so red as to require enormous extrapolations of thetransformation equations.
|Erratum - Errors or Omissions in Star-Identifications in the General Catalogue of Trigonometric Stellar Parallaxes|
|A survey of variable yellow supergiants in the southern Milky Way|
Forty-three supergiants of spectral type F0-G8, including the RV Tauristar U Mon and the small-amplitude Cepheid HR 4768, have been monitoredin brightness for about a month. Three new variables are announced. HR6109 - a comparison star and a member of a spectroscopic binary with Pequals 40 days (Eggen 1973) - is suspected to be a Delta Scuti star. HR4912 shows a range of 0.32 magnitude in B; the period is between 44 and68 days. The Cepheid nature of HR 4912 cannot be established on thebasis of the data. HR 4110 - the central star of the galactic cluster IC2581 - shows a range in B of 0.07 magnitude and its most likely periodis about 59 days. Arguments are offered against the possible Cepheidinterpretation of HR 4110. The variability of HR 2910, HR 3026, and HD67458 is suspected. The star R Pup, which has been claimed anddisclaimed as a variable for a century, did not show significantvariation during the observing period.
|Standard Stars for Hα Photometry|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1981A&AS...44..337S&db_key=AST
|Uvby-Beta Photometry of Equatorial and Southern Bright Stars - Part Two|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1980A&AS...42..311H&db_key=AST
|SKYLAB ultraviolet stellar spectra - Cool stars with hot secondaries|
A hot companion to the G5 III star HR 3080, a single-line spectroscopicbinary, has been discovered from spectra in the vacuum-ultraviolet. Thecompanion must be a subdwarf or pre-white dwarf. A list of previouslyknown systems of the zeta Aur and VV Cep type observed with theultraviolet spectrograph on Skylab is also given.
|The space distribution and kinematics of supergiants|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1970AJ.....75..602H&db_key=AST
|Southern Stars with Abnormal Spectra|