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HD 44131 (Mary Margret 1962)



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Hipparcos red stars in the HpV_T2 and V I_C systems
For Hipparcos M, S, and C spectral type stars, we provide calibratedinstantaneous (epoch) Cousins V - I color indices using newly derivedHpV_T2 photometry. Three new sets of ground-based Cousins V I data havebeen obtained for more than 170 carbon and red M giants. These datasetsin combination with the published sources of V I photometry served toobtain the calibration curves linking Hipparcos/Tycho Hp-V_T2 with theCousins V - I index. In total, 321 carbon stars and 4464 M- and S-typestars have new V - I indices. The standard error of the mean V - I isabout 0.1 mag or better down to Hp~9 although it deteriorates rapidly atfainter magnitudes. These V - I indices can be used to verify thepublished Hipparcos V - I color indices. Thus, we have identified ahandful of new cases where, instead of the real target, a random fieldstar has been observed. A considerable fraction of the DMSA/C and DMSA/Vsolutions for red stars appear not to be warranted. Most likely suchspurious solutions may originate from usage of a heavily biased color inthe astrometric processing.Based on observations from the Hipparcos astrometric satellite operatedby the European Space Agency (ESA 1997).}\fnmsep\thanks{Table 7 is onlyavailable in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp tocdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/397/997

New periodic variables from the Hipparcos epoch photometry
Two selection statistics are used to extract new candidate periodicvariables from the epoch photometry of the Hipparcos catalogue. Theprimary selection criterion is a signal-to-noise ratio. The dependenceof this statistic on the number of observations is calibrated usingabout 30000 randomly permuted Hipparcos data sets. A significance levelof 0.1 per cent is used to extract a first batch of candidate variables.The second criterion requires that the optimal frequency be unaffectedif the data are de-trended by low-order polynomials. We find 2675 newcandidate periodic variables, of which the majority (2082) are from theHipparcos`unsolved' variables. Potential problems with theinterpretation of the data (e.g. aliasing) are discussed.

Radial velocities of giant M stars near the ecliptic
A search dedicated to the identification of new, dwarf and cold starsclose to the Sun has allowed us to measure the radial velocities of aset of stars of late spectral type. The stars selected were M-type starspresent in the Hipparcos Input Catalogue located in a strip of+/-20° around the Ecliptic and observables from La Silla. Our inalset contains 22 M-type stars whose radial velocities Vr havebeen measured with an accuracy of ~ 0.5 km s-1 during asingle observing run. From their velocities, parallaxes and magnitudeswe deduce that all the stars observed are red giants, with spacevelocities relative to the Sun mostly lower than 100 km s-1.Based on observations collected at the CAT telescope, European SouthernObservatory, La Silla, Chile.

Stellar radii of M giants
We determine the stellar radii of the M giant stars in the Hipparcoscatalogue that have a parallax measured to better than 20% accuracy.This is done with the help of a relation between a visual surfacebrightness parameter and the Cousins (V - I) colour index, which wecalibrate with M giants with published angular diameters.The radii of(non-Mira) M giants increase from a median value of 50 R_Sun at spectraltype M0 III to 170 R_Sun at M7/8 III. Typical intermediate giant radiiare 65 R_Sun for M1/M2, 90 R_Sun for M3, 100 R_Sun for M4, 120 R_Sun forM5 and 150 R_Sun for M6. There is a large intrinsic spread for a givenspectral type. This variance in stellar radius increases with latertypes but in relative terms, it remains constant.We determineluminosities and, from evolutionary tracks, stellar masses for oursample stars. The M giants in the solar neighbourhood have masses in therange 0.8-4 M_Sun. For a given spectral type, there is a close relationbetween stellar radius and stellar mass. We also find a linear relationbetween the mass and radius of non-variable M giants. With increasingamplitude of variability we have larger stellar radii for a given mass.

Classification and Identification of IRAS Sources with Low-Resolution Spectra
IRAS low-resolution spectra were extracted for 11,224 IRAS sources.These spectra were classified into astrophysical classes, based on thepresence of emission and absorption features and on the shape of thecontinuum. Counterparts of these IRAS sources in existing optical andinfrared catalogs are identified, and their optical spectral types arelisted if they are known. The correlations between thephotospheric/optical and circumstellar/infrared classification arediscussed.

Spectroscopic Orbits for Three Binaries with Low-Mass Companions and the Distribution of Secondary Masses near the Substellar Limit
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1996ApJ...466..415M&db_key=AST

The photoelectric astrolabe catalogue of Yunnan Observatory (YPAC).
The positions of 53 FK5, 70 FK5 Extension and 486 GC stars are given forthe equator and equinox J2000.0 and for the mean observation epoch ofeach star. They are determined with the photoelectric astrolabe ofYunnan Observatory. The internal mean errors in right ascension anddeclination are +/- 0.046" and +/- 0.059", respectively. The meanobservation epoch is 1989.51.

H-alpha measurements for cool giants
The H-alpha line in a cool star is usually an indication of theconditions in its chromosphere. I have collected H-alpha spectra of manynorthern G-M stars, which show how the strength and shape of the H-alphaline change with spectral type. These observations detect surprisinglittle variation in absoption-line depth (Rc approximately0.23 +/- 0.08), linewidth (FWHD approximately 1.44 +/- 0.22 A), orequivalent width (EW approximately 1.12 +/- 0.17 A) among G5-M5 IIIgiants. Lines in the more luminous stars tend to be broader and strongerby 30%-40% than in the Class III giants, while the H-alpha absorptiontends to weaken among the cooler M giants. Velocities of H-alpha andnearby photospheric lines are the same to within 1.4 +/- 4.4 km/s forthe whole group. To interpret these observations, I have calculatedH-alpha profiles, Ly-alpha strengths, and (C II) strengths for a seriesof model chromospheres representing a cool giant star like alpha Tau.Results are sensitive to the mass of the chromosphere, to chromospherictemperature, to clumping of the gas, and to the assumed physics of lineformation. The ubiquitous nature of H-alpha in cool giants and the greatdepth of observed lines argue that chromospheres of giants cover theirstellar disks uniformly and are homogeneous on a large scale. This isquite different from conditions on a small scale: To obtain a highenough electron density with the theoretical models, both to explain theexitation of hydrogen and possibly also to give the observed C IImultiplet ratios, the gas is probably clumped. The 6540-6580 A spectraof 240 stars are plotted in an Appendix, which identifies the date ofobservation and marks positions of strong telluric lines on eachspectrum. I assess the effects of telluric lines and estimates that thestrength of scattered light is approximately 5% of the continuum inthese spectra. I give the measurements of H-alpha as well as equivalentwidths of two prominent photospheric lines, Fe I lambda 6546 and Ca Ilambda 6572, which strengthen with advancing spectral type.

Vitesses radiales. Catalogue WEB: Wilson Evans Batten. Subtittle: Radial velocities: The Wilson-Evans-Batten catalogue.
We give a common version of the two catalogues of Mean Radial Velocitiesby Wilson (1963) and Evans (1978) to which we have added the catalogueof spectroscopic binary systems (Batten et al. 1989). For each star,when possible, we give: 1) an acronym to enter SIMBAD (Set ofIdentifications Measurements and Bibliography for Astronomical Data) ofthe CDS (Centre de Donnees Astronomiques de Strasbourg). 2) the numberHIC of the HIPPARCOS catalogue (Turon 1992). 3) the CCDM number(Catalogue des Composantes des etoiles Doubles et Multiples) byDommanget & Nys (1994). For the cluster stars, a precise study hasbeen done, on the identificator numbers. Numerous remarks point out theproblems we have had to deal with.

On the spectra and photometry of M-giant stars
From a sample of 97 very bright M-giant stars in the Solarneighbourhood, high-quality "intrinsic" spectra in the spectral range380 <~ λ[nm] <~ 900 for all M-spectral subtypes of the Caseand MK classification systems are obtained. The results are fitted tophotospheric synthetic spectra in the range 99 <~ λ [nm]<=12500 in order to infer the corresponding continua. The syntheticspectra are also compared to the intrinsic spectra. The effectivetemperatures are derived and mathematical spectral classificationcriteria are found. The (UB)_j_(VRI)_c_(JHKLM)_ESO_ photometric data ofthe sample are also given. The data are available on the StrasbourgAstronomical Data Centre (CDS).

Asymptotic giant branch stars near the sun
Available red and near-infrared photometry and apparent motions of M, S,and C asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars in the Bright Star Catalogueare tabulated and discussed. It is shown that the red and near infraredindices normally used for late-type stars are interchangeable except forcarbon stars. The M-type giants are variable with visual amplitudegreater than 0.05 mag. The reddening-free parameter m2 from Genevaphotometry is essentially a temperature parameter for M giants, whilethe reddening-free parameter d is a sensitive detector of blue stellarcompanions. The space density of AGB stars near the sun decreases by afactor of 35 in a temperature range 3800 to 3400 K. Two of the S starsnear the sun were found to have nearly equal space motions and may becomembers of the Arcturus group.

Spectral energy distribution of stars at the near infrared.
Not Available

The dynamics and structure of rich clusters of galaxies. I - Velocity data
An extensive spectroscopic study of 10 rich southern X-ray clusters ofgalaxies is presented. Between 40 and 200 redshifts have been obtainedin the field of each of the clusters, which cover a wide range ofmorphological types and richnesses. Applying rigorous statisticalanalyses to the total data base of 1000 precise radial velocitiesprovides the necessary information to undertake a thorough dynamicalinvestigation of these individual clusters and of cluster systems ingeneral.

Radial velocities of bright southern stars. VI - Standard and reference stars 1983-1986
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1987A&AS...68..347A&db_key=AST

E. W. Fick Observatory stellar radial velocity measurements. I - 1976-1984
Stellar radial velocity observations made with the large vacuumhigh-dispersion photoelectric radial velocity spectrometer at FickObservatory are reported. This includes nearly 2000 late-type starsobserved during 585 nights. Gradual modifications to this instrumentover its first eight years of operation have reduced the observationalerror for high-quality dip observations to + or - 0.8 km/s.

IRAS catalogues and atlases - Atlas of low-resolution spectra
Plots of all 5425 spectra in the IRAS catalogue of low-resolutionspectra are presented. The catalogue contains the average spectra ofmost IRAS poiont sources with 12 micron flux densities above 10 Jy.

Catalogue of the energy distribution data in spectra of stars in the uniform spectrophotometric system.
Not Available

Allowance for molecular absorption in the determination of lithium abundance in the atmospheres of M-giants
The equivalent widths of the Li I doublet (6707.76 and 6707.91 A) inM-giant spectra are calculated for different Li abundances on the basisof Tsuji model atmospheres. Allowance is made for the effect of blendinglines of TiO, CN, and ZrO molecular bands. A comparison with observedequivalent widths for 20 M-giants (Merchant, 1967) makes possible animproved determination of lithium abundance in the atmospheres of thesestars. In o(1)Ori and HR 5219 this abundance is 100 times less than inthe solar atmosphere.

Observations of Standard Velocity Stars
Not Available

Standard Velocity Stars
Not Available

Photoelectric measures of chromospheric H and K and H-epsilon in giant stars
The coude scanner of the 100-inch telescope was used to measure thefluxes at the centers of H and K of Ca II and at the position ofH-epsilon, and its antiposition, in about 200 late-type giant stars. Forthe large majority of class III giants, it was found that the totalchromospheric radiation of H and K and of H-epsilon is constant inamount for G8 to early M-type stars with respect to the energy in the Vband, and that the two Ca II lines together emit about three times asmuch energy as does H-epsilon. In the Hyades main sequence theefficiency of the transfer of energy from the total outflow into thechromosphere increases from the bluer to the redder stars, whereas theconverse is true in the normal giants. Evidence is given thatmain-sequence stars with H and K emission also have emission inH-epsilon that is considerably weaker, with respect to H and K, than inthe giants.

Lithium in late-type giants. II - 31 M giants and supergiants
A spectrum-synthesis technique accounting for TiO line blanketing andextracting Li abundances was developed to compensate for the unresolvedTiO line depression of the Li I 6707 A doublet in high-resolution,high-SNR spectra of 31 M giants and supergiants. Li abundances in a25-star sample show a large scatter about a mean log epsilon(Li) valueof about -0.2. A renewed discussion of Li abundances for G and K giantsoffers new evidence for Li abundance control by stellar mass, consistentwith M giant data. Two stars, Alpha Ori and 119 Tau, show no detectableLi line, and it is suggested that this Li deficiency may result frommass loss at the pre-main sequence phase, or from internal mixing andnuclear processing leading to Li destruction.

Radial velocities of IAU standard stars
Radial velocities of 52 IAU Radial Velocity Standard stars, obtainedfrom 358 spectra of 12 and 20 A/mm dispersion during the 1970-1978period, are presented. Some discrepancies between the present resultsand those of the IAU are discussed.

Photoelectric Observations of Variable Stars of Late Spectral Types
Not Available

The circumstellar envelopes of M giants
The average circumstellar envelopes of 61 red giants of spectral typesM0 through M7 are studied, and information is deduced concerning thevelocity structure in the envelopes as well as the mass-loss mechanism.Positions of red and blue edges of the circumstellar Ca II K4 profileare used to derive information on shell turbulent velocities andvelocity gradients within the envelopes. The results obtained indicatethat: (1) acceleration to a terminal velocity occurs extremely rapidlyor the mass-loss mechanism acts upon Ca III, which recombines only afterthe terminal velocity has been reached; (2) the turbulence must be lessthan 2 km/s in the shells of the M0 giants and should increase to avalue of at least 4 km/s for the M6 giants; (3) the observed broadeningof the K4 profile toward later spectral types must be due at least inpart to the increase in turbulence toward the later types; (4) shellexpansion begins well within the stellar chromospheres; and (5) themass-loss mechanism might involve supersonic winds rather than radiationpressure on grains.

V-R Colours of Red Variable Stars
Not Available

The stellar aggregate surrounding HD 101205 (IC 2944).
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1977A&A....54..233A&db_key=AST

Lithium abundance in stellar atmospheres
Data on the lithium abundance in the atmospheres of 491 stars arecompiled and reduced to a single system. The lithium abundances of thesestars are shown to differ by more than a factor of 1 million, and thedependence of lithium abundance on spectral type is determined forvarious groups of stars. It is found that cooler stars have lowerlithium abundances than hotter stars and that young stars have higherabundances than old stars. Data on the Li-6/Li-7 isotope ratio in theatmospheres of 30 stars are presented which indicate that Li-6 is notobserved in most cases and that the exceptions comprise magneticvariable stars with Li-6/Li-7 ratios of 0.10 to 2.00. It is concludedthat the observational results as a whole are satisfactorily explainedby the hypothesis that the same high lithium abundance characterized allstars at birth but then decreased in the course of evolution due tointermixing of matter.

Evolved stars in open clusters.
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1976ApJS...30..451H&db_key=AST

Absolute magnitudes of stars from widths of chromospheric CaII emission lines.
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1976ApJ...205..823W&db_key=AST

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Observation and Astrometry data

Right ascension:06h19m59.60s
Apparent magnitude:4.9
Distance:155.28 parsecs
Proper motion RA:-7.9
Proper motion Dec:-0.8
B-T magnitude:7.022
V-T magnitude:5.094

Catalogs and designations:
Proper NamesMary Margret 1962
HD 1989HD 44131
TYCHO-2 2000TYC 4788-3059-1
USNO-A2.0USNO-A2 0825-02235737
BSC 1991HR 2275
HIPHIP 30093

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