Home     Getting Started     To Survive in the Universe    
Inhabited Sky
    News@Sky     Astro Photo     The Collection     Forum     Blog New!     FAQ     Press     Login  




Upload your image

DSS Images   Other Images

Related articles

The AMIGA sample of isolated galaxies. II. Morphological refinement
We present a refinement of the optical morphologies for galaxies in theCatalog of Isolated Galaxies that forms the basis of the AMIGA (Analysisof the interstellar Medium of Isolated GAlaxies) project. Uniformreclassification using the digitized POSS II data benefited from thehigh resolution and dynamic range of that sky survey. Comparison withindependent classifications made for an SDSS overlap sample of more than200 galaxies confirms the reliability of the early vs. late-typediscrimination and the accuracy of spiral subtypes within Δ T =1-2. CCD images taken at the Observatorio de Sierra Nevada were alsoused to solve ambiguities in early versus late-type classifications. Aconsiderable number of galaxies in the catalog (n = 193) are flagged forthe presence of nearby companions or signs of distortion likely due tointeraction. This most isolated sample of galaxies in the local Universeis dominated by two populations: 1) 82% are spirals (Sa-Sd) with thebulk being luminous systems with small bulges (63% between types Sb-Sc)and 2) a significant population of early-type E-S0 galaxies (14%). Mostof the types later than Sd are low luminosity galaxies concentrated inthe local supercluster where isolation is difficult to evaluate. Thelate-type spiral majority of the sample spans a luminosity rangeMB-corr = -18 to -22 mag. Few of the E/S0 population are moreluminous than -21.0 marking the absence of the often-sought superL* merger (e.g. fossil elliptical) population. The rarity ofhigh luminosity systems results in a fainter derived M* forthis population compared to the spiral optical luminosity function(OLF). The E-S0 population is from 0.2 to 0.6 mag fainter depending onhow the sample is defined. This marks the AMIGA sample as unique amongsamples that compare early and late-type OLFs separately. In othersamples, which always involve galaxies in higher density environments,M^*_E/S0 is almost always 0.3-0.5 mag brighter than M^*_S, presumablyreflecting a stronger correlation between M* andenvironmental density for early-type galaxies.

Atomic and Molecular Gas in Colliding Galaxy Systems. I. The Data
We present H I and CO (1-0) interferometric observations of 10comparable-mass interacting systems obtained at the Very Large Array(VLA) and the Owens Valley Radio Observatory (OVRO) millimeter array.The primary intent of this study is to investigate the response of coldgas during the early stages of collision of massive disk galaxies. Thesample sources are selected based on their luminosity(MB<=-19), projected separation (5-40 kpc), andsingle-dish CO (1-0) content (SCO>=20 Jy kms-1). These selection criteria result in a sample thatprimarily consists of systems in the early stages of an interaction or amerger. Despite this sample selection, 50% of the systems show long H Itidal tails indicative of a tidal disruption in a prograde orbit. Inaddition, all (4/4) of the infrared luminous pairs (LIRGs) in the sampleshow long H I tails, suggesting that the presence of a long H I tail canbe a possible signature of enhanced star formation activity in acollision of gas-rich galaxies. More than half of the groups show adisplacement of H I peaks from the stellar disks. The CO (1-0)distribution is generally clumpy and widely distributed, unlike in mostIR-selected late stage mergers-in fact, CO peaks are displaced from thestellar nucleus in 20% (4/18) of the galaxies with robust CO detection.H I and CO (1-0) position-velocity diagrams (PVDs) and rotation curvesare also presented, and their comparison with the numerical simulationanalyzed in Paper I show evidence for radial inflow and wide occurrencesof nuclear molecular rings. These results are further quantified byexamining physical and structural parameters derived in comparison withisolated systems in the BIMA SONG sample in our forthcoming paper.

Gas and Stars in an H I-Selected Galaxy Sample
We present the results of a J-band study of the H I-selected AreciboDual-Beam Survey and Arecibo Slice Survey galaxy samples using TwoMicron All Sky Survey data. We find that these galaxies span a widerange of stellar and gas properties. However, despite the diversitywithin the samples, we find a very tight correlation between luminosityand size in the J band, similar to that found in a previous paper byRosenberg & Schneider between the H I mass and size. We also findthat the correlation between the baryonic mass and the J-band diameteris even tighter than that between the baryonic mass and the rotationalvelocity.

Stellar populations in local star-forming galaxies - II. Recent star formation properties and stellar masses
We present the integrated properties of the stellar populations in theUniversidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) Survey galaxies. Applying thetechniques described in the first paper of this series, we derive ages,burst masses and metallicities of the newly formed stars in our samplegalaxies. The population of young stars is responsible for the Hαemission used to detect the objects in the UCM Survey. We also infertotal stellar masses and star formation rates in a consistent way takinginto account the evolutionary history of each galaxy. We find that anaverage UCM galaxy has a total stellar mass of ~1010Msolar, of which about 5 per cent was formed in aninstantaneous burst that occurred about 5 Myr ago, and subsolarmetallicity. Less than 10 per cent of the sample shows massivestarbursts involving more than half of the total mass of the galaxy.Several correlations are found among the derived properties. The burststrength is correlated with the extinction and with the integratedoptical colours for galaxies with low obscuration. The current starformation rate is correlated with the gas content. A stellarmass-metallicity relation is also found. Our analysis indicates that theUCM Survey galaxies span a broad range in properties between those ofgalaxies completely dominated by current/recent star formation and thoseof normal quiescent spirals. We also find evidence indicating that starformation in the local Universe is dominated by galaxies considerablyless massive than L*.

Stellar populations in local star-forming galaxies - I. Data and modelling procedure
We present an analysis of the integrated properties of the stellarpopulations in the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) Survey ofHα-selected galaxies. In this paper, the first of a series, wedescribe in detail the techniques developed to model star-forminggalaxies using a mixture of stellar populations, and taking into accountthe observational uncertainties. We assume a recent burst of starformation superimposed on a more evolved population. The effects of thenebular continuum, line emission and dust attenuation are taken intoaccount. We also test different model assumptions, including the choiceof specific evolutionary synthesis model, initial mass function, starformation scenario and the treatment of dust extinction. Quantitativetests are applied to determine how well these models fit ourmultiwavelength observations for the UCM sample. Our observations spanthe optical and near-infrared, including both photometric andspectroscopic data. Our results indicate that extinction plays a keyrole in this kind of study, revealing that low- and high-obscuredobjects may require very different extinction laws and must be treateddifferently. We also demonstrate that the UCM Survey galaxies are bestdescribed by a short burst of star formation occurring within aquiescent galaxy, rather than by continuous star formation. A detaileddiscussion on the inferred parameters, such as the age, burst strength,metallicity, star formation rate, extinction and total stellar mass forindividual objects, is presented in Paper II of this series.

Revised positions for CIG galaxies
We present revised positions for the 1051 galaxies belonging to theKarachentseva Catalog of Isolated Galaxies (CIG). New positions werecalculated by applying SExtractor to the Digitized Sky Survey CIG fieldswith a spatial resolution of 1 arcsper 2. We visually checked theresults and for 118 galaxies had to recompute the assigned positions dueto complex morphologies (e.g. distorted isophotes, undefined nuclei,knotty galaxies) or the presence of bright stars. We found differencesbetween older and newer positions of up to 38 arcsec with a mean valueof 2 arcsper 96 relative to SIMBAD and up to 38 arcsec and 2 arcsper 42respectively relative to UZC. Based on star positions from the APMcatalog we determined that the DSS astrometry of five CIG fields has amean offset in (alpha , delta ) of (-0 arcsper 90, 0 arcsper 93) with adispersion of 0 arcsper 4. These results have been confirmed using the2MASS All-Sky Catalog of Point Sources. The intrinsic errors of ourmethod combined with the astrometric ones are of the order of 0 arcsper5.Full Table 1 is only available in electronic form at the CDS viaanonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/411/391

12CO(1-0) observation of isolated late-type galaxies
We present 12CO(J=1-0) line observations of 99 galaxiesobtained with the SEST 15 m, the Kitt Peak 12 m and the IRAM 30 mtelescopes. The target galaxies were selected from the catalogue ofisolated galaxies of Karachentseva (\cite{Karachentseva73}). These dataare thus representative of the CO properties of isolated late-typegalaxies. All objects were observed in their central position, thosewith large angular sizes were mapped. These new measurements are used toestimate the molecular gas mass of the target galaxies. The moleculargas is on average ~ 18% of the atomic gas mass.Tables 1 and 2 are also available in electronic form at the CDS viaanonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/411/381Based on observations made with the 12-m National Radio AstronomicalObservatory, Kitt Peak, Arizona, with the Swedish-ESO Submillimetretelescope SEST, La Silla, Chile, with the IRAM 30 m radiotelescope, PicoVeleta, Granada, Spain.

Optical photometry of the UCM lists I and II. II. B band surface photometry and morphological discussion
We present Johnson B surface photometry for the UCM Survey galaxies.One-dimensional bulge-disk decomposition is attempted, discussing onfitting functions and computational procedures. The results from thisdecomposition, jointly with concentration indices and an asymmetrycoefficient, are employed to study the morphological properties of thesegalaxies. We also compare our results with the previous morphologicalclassification established using Gunn r imaging data and with othersamples of galaxies. No major statistical differences in morphology arefound between red and blue data, although some characteristics such assize and luminosity concentration vary. We find a correlation betweenluminosity and size. Several parameters are used to segregate theobjects according to their morphological type. Tables 2 and 3 are alsoavailable in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp tocdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/365/370

The Arecibo Dual-Beam Survey: Arecibo and VLA Observations
The Arecibo Dual-Beam Survey is a ``blind'' 21 cm search for galaxiescovering ~430 deg2 of sky. We present the data from thedetection survey as well as from the follow-up observations to confirmdetections and improve positions and flux measurements. We find 265galaxies, many of which are extremely low surface brightness. Some ofthese previously uncataloged galaxies lie within the zone of avoidance,where they are obscured by the gas and dust in our Galaxy. Eighty-one ofthese sources are not previously cataloged optically, and there are 11galaxies that have no associated optical counterpart or are onlytentatively associated with faint wisps of nebulosity on the DigitizedSky Survey images. We discuss the properties of the survey, and inparticular we make direct determinations of the completeness andreliability of the sample. The behavior of the completeness and itsdependencies is essential for determining the H I mass function. Weleave the discussion of the mass function for a later paper, but do notethat we find many low surface brightness galaxies and seven sources withMHI<108 Msolar. The AreciboObservatory is part of the National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center,which is operated by Cornell University under cooperative agreement withthe National Science Foundation. in Puerto Rico.

The Arizona-New Mexico Spectroscopic Survey of Galaxies. I. Data for the Western End of the Perseus Supercluster
We present new optical spectroscopic data for 347 galaxies in the regionof the Perseus supercluster. The new data were obtained using theSteward Observatory 2.3 m telescope and cover the whole optical window.Included are redshifts (for 345 objects), absorption-line equivalentwidths, a continuum index measuring the 4000 Å break, andemission-line flux ratios. After 11 objects are rejected for being toofaint and redshifts for 26 objects are added from the literature, wearrive at a complete sample of 361 galaxies. The distribution ofredshifts for the whole sample is examined, and we show the relationshipof the continuum index to morphology.

Optical photometry of the UCM Lists I and II I. The data
We present Johnson B CCD photometry for the whole sample of galaxies ofthe Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) Survey Lists I and II. Theyconstitute a well-defined and complete sample of galaxies in the LocalUniverse with active star formation. The data refer to 191 S0 to Irrgalaxies at an averaged redshift of 0.027, and complement the alreadypublished Gunn r, J and K photometries. In this paper the observationaland reduction features are discussed in detail, and the new colourinformation is combined to search for clues on the properties of thegalaxies, mainly by comparing our sample with other surveys. Tables 1and 3 are also available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftpto cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html}

Arcsecond Positions of UGC Galaxies
We present accurate B1950 and J2000 positions for all confirmed galaxiesin the Uppsala General Catalog (UGC). The positions were measuredvisually from Digitized Sky Survey images with rms uncertaintiesσ<=[(1.2")2+(θ/100)2]1/2,where θ is the major-axis diameter. We compared each galaxymeasured with the original UGC description to ensure high reliability.The full position list is available in the electronic version only.

Statistical Properties of the Emission in Mixed-Morphology (E+S) Pairs. I. Optical Results
We present a statistical analysis of the optical emission properties fora mixed-morphology (E+S) sample of galaxy pairs. The sample is large anddiverse enough (~150 pairs) to permit discrimination of pairs bymorphological types. It samples a large enough volume of space tojustify derivation of the optical luminosity function. We find anaverage factor of 1.6 enhancement in the optical luminosity of thelate-type pair components relative to an isolated galaxy control sample.This is interpreted as the optical signature of the interaction-starformation connection. We find a complete absence of dwarf pairs(M_Zw>=-17.0) that is probably related to a corresponding lack ofisolated E/S0 dwarf galaxies in the control sample. The spirals in (E+S)and (S+S) pairs show similar levels of optical enhancement but fail toshow a trend toward higher luminosity with decreasing companionseparation. A first-order comparison of galaxy type distributionsbetween our pair and isolated samples suggests that (1) pairs show anexcess of elliptical and early-type spiral (Sa-b) components and (2)corresponding deficit of S0s and late-type spirals in the ``E'' and``S'' pair components, respectively. We consider both possible bias anddynamical explanations for (1) the observed (E+S) spiral-componentluminosity excess and (2) the morphology excesses/deficits.

A Deep Survey of H I-selected Galaxies: The Sample and the Data
In a 21 cm neutral hydrogen survey of approximately 55 deg^2 out to aredshift of cz = 8340 km s^-1, we have identified 75 extragalactic H Isources. These objects comprise a well-defined sample of extragalacticsources chosen by means that are independent of optical surfacebrightness selection effects. In this paper we describe the Arecibosurvey procedures and H I data, follow-up VLA H I observations made ofseveral unusual sources, and Kitt Peak B-, R-, and I-band photometry fornearly all of the galaxies. We have also gathered information for someof the optically detected galaxies within the same search volume. Weexamine how samples generated by different types of search techniquesoverlap with selection by H I flux. Only the least massive H I object,which is among the lowest mass H I sources previously found, does nothave a clear optical counterpart, but a nearby bright star may hide lowsurface brightness emission. However, the newly detected systems do haveunusual optical properties. Most of the 40 galaxies that were notpreviously identified in magnitude-limited catalogs appear to begas-dominated systems, and several of these systems have H Imass-to-light ratios among the largest values ever previously found.These gas-dominated objects also tend to have very blue colors, lowsurface brightnesses, and no central bulges, which correlate stronglywith their relative star-to-gas content.

A Spectral Study of Clumpy Irregular Galaxies
Not Available

Survey for Emission-Line Galaxies: Universidad Complutense de Madrid List 2
A low-dispersion objective-prism survey for low-redshift emission-linegalaxies (ELGs) is being carried out by the Universidad Complutense deMadrid with the Schmidt telescope at the German-Spanish Observatory ofCalar Alto (Almeria, Spain). A 4^deg^ full-aperture prism, whichprovides a dispersion of 1950 A mm^-1^, and IIIa-F emulsion combinationhas been used to search for ELGs selected by the presence of Hαemission in their spectra. A compilation of descriptions and positions,along with finding charts, is presented for 103 emission-line objects.This is the second list, which contains objects located in a region ofthe sky covering 201.4 deg^2^ in seven fields near α = 15^h^ andδ = 25^deg^.

Observations of a complete sample of Hα emission-line galaxies. Long-slit spectroscopy of galaxies in UCM lists 1 and 2.
Spectroscopic observations for the full sample of Hα emission-linegalaxy candidates (ELGs) from the Universidad Complutense de Madridobjective-prism survey Lists 1 and 2 have been obtained in order toinvestigate fully the properties of the survey constituents as well asthe selection characteristics and completeness limits of the surveyitself. The spectroscopic data include redshifts, line fluxes,equivalent widths, emission-line ratios, optical reddening estimates andsynthesized color indexes. We find that 74% of the objects in thissample do exhibit emission lines. We compare our observational data withparameters given in the published survey lists in order to assess theusefulness of the latter. The different emission-line galaxies have beenclassified according to their spectra in several groups. Gray-scaleimages of the CCD spectra near the main emission lines, spatial profilesat the continuum and the line for [OIII] λ5007 and Hαlines, as well as plots of the coadded spectra of selected galaxies arepresented, and a number of peculiar objects are described.

An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.
A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect.

Survey of emission-line galaxies: Universidad Complutense de Madrid list
A low-dispersion objective-prism survey for low-redshift emission-linegalaxies (ELGs) is being carried out by the University Complutense deMadrid with the Schmidt telescope at the German-Spanish Observatory ofCalar Alto (Almeria, Spain). A 4 deg full aperture prism, which providesa dispersion of 1950 A/mm, and IIIaF emulsion combination has been usedto search for ELGs selected by the presence of H-alpha emission in theirspectra. Our survey has proved to be able to recover objects alreadyfound by similar surveys with different techniques and, what is moreimportant, to discover new objects not previously cataloged. Acompilation of descriptions and positions, along with finding chartswhen necessary, is presented for 160 extragalactic emission-lineobjects. This is the first list, which contains objects located in aregion of the sky covering 270 sq deg in 10 fields near alpha =0h and delta = 20 deg.

IRAS observations of H-alpha selected emission-line galaxies
We present the results of IRAS observations of the UCM (UniversidadComplutense de Madrid) sample of emission-line galaxies, which have beenselected from wide-dispersion H-alpha objective-prism plates. These dataare intended to provide a convenient summary of the relevant FIRproperties of these galaxies. Color-color diagrams, as interpreted bytheoretical models, suggest that emission from UCM galaxies is mainlydue to dust heated directly by photons emitted in active star-formingregions. Statistical analysis of some samples, including the IRASminisurvey and blue-selected objective-prism samples, have beenperformed. Comparisons, based on FIR luminosity distributions, with theIRAS minisurvey make evident the lower metallicity of the CUM galaxieswhich cannot be considered as a parent population of IRAS-detectedgalaxies.

The far-infrared properties of the CfA galaxy sample. I - The catalog
IRAS flux densities are presented for all galaxies in the Center forAstrophysics magnitude-limited sample (mB not greater than 14.5)detected in the IRAS Faint Source Survey (FSS), a total of 1544galaxies. The detection rate in the FSS is slightly larger than in thePSC for the long-wavelength 60- and 100-micron bands, but improves by afactor of about 3 or more for the short wavelength 12- and 25-micronbands. This optically selected sample consists of galaxies which are, onaverage, much less IR-active than galaxies in IR-selected samples. Itpossesses accurate and complete redshift, morphological, and magnitudeinformation, along with observations at other wavelengths.

KISO survey for ultraviolet-excess galaxies. XIV.
The 14th list and identification charts of the UV-excess galaxiesdetected on the multicolor plates taken with the Kiso Schmidt telescopefor 10 survey fields are presented. In the sky area of some 300 sq deg,about 470 objects are cataloged down to the photographic magnitude ofabout 17.5.

Infrared emission in paired galaxies. II - Luminosity functions and far-infrared properties
The optical and FIR luminosities and other FIR properties areinvestigated for pairs of galaxies selected from the Catalog of IsolatedPairs of Galaxies in the Northern Sky. Significant evidence is found foran enhancement in both the optical and FIR emission from galaxies inpairs which can be attributed to interaction-induced star formationactivity. The enhancement is seen in the optical luminosity function forall types of pairs, including early-type binaries. At FIR wavelengths,both late-type and mixed morphology pairs show an enhancement inluminosity, FIR-to-optical luminosity ratio, and FIR 60/100 micron colorratio. A significant fraction of these pairs may be involved in directcollisions resulting in the stimulation of excess emission from bothpair components.

A 21 CM survey of the Pisces-Perseus supercluster. II - The declination zone +21.5 to +27.5 degrees
Neutral-hydrogen 21-cm line spectra and derived parameters are presentedfor a sample of spiral galaxies in the region bounded by an R.A. greaterthan 22 h and less then 0.04 h, and a declination greater than +21 deg30 min and less than +27 deg 30 min, covering the Zwicky fields 470 to488, as the second installment of a survey of the region of thePisces-Perseus supercluster. New H I line observations made with theArecibo 305 m telescope detected 275 galaxies of 318 studied. Atabulation of derived galaxian properties is given. The redshiftdistribution shows gross departures from that expected for a sample withsimilar magnitude characteristics but homogeneously located in space.These new data will be incorporated into the overall survey of thethree-dimensional structure in the Pisces-Perseus region.

Radio emission of isolated single and double galaxies
The catalogs of Karachentsev (1972) and Karachentseva (1973) are used tocompare the properties of isolated single and double galaxies, andquantitative results are obtained. It is shown that spiral galaxieswhich are members of pairs have a radio luminosity exceeding that ofsingle galaxies by 2.5 times on the average. In addition, it is foundthat members of interacting pairs are more powerful emitters in theradio range and that spiral galaxies which are members of triplets haveradio luminosities on a par with those of pair members.

Neutral hydrogen in isolated galaxies. IV - Results for the Arecibo sample
A standard sample for the comparison of the H I content of galaxies invarious intergalactic environments is presently defined by means ofobservations of 324 isolated galaxies lying in the declination rangeaccessible to the Arecibo 305-m telescope. Both mapping and single pointspectra are used to compute the integral properties of these galaxies.Neutral hydrogen was detected in 288 of the 324 galaxies surveyed, andit is noted that the optical diameter of a spiral disk is bettercorrelated with the hydrogen mass than the morphological type. When usedto define a measure of H I content, the isolated galaxy sample canpredict 'normalcy' with an accuracy that carries a standard error ofabout 0.20 in the log of the H I mass, if a dependence on disk size, aswell as type, is taken into account.

A survey of galaxy redshifts. IV - The data
The complete list of the best available radial velocities for the 2401galaxies in the merged Zwicky-Nilson catalog brighter than 14.5mz and with b (II) above +40 deg or below -30 deg ispresented. Almost 60 percent of the redshifts are from the CfA surveyand are accurate to typically 35 km/s.

The south west extension of the Perseus supercluster
The results of a redshift survey of the extreme southwest region of thePerseus supercluster (270 square degrees between R.A. 23 hr 20 min and01 hr 00 min, and between DEC 21 deg 30 min and 33 deg 30 min) arepresented. By studying the velocity distribution of 93 galaxies withmagnitude 14.5, the presence of a population of galaxies with velocity5240 km/sec and radial dispersion of 312 km/sec indicates the furtherextension of the Perseus supercluster. In addition, background galaxieswith a mean velocity of 10,000 km/sec common to this sample areprimarily organized in a structure connected with Abell clusters ofsimilar velocities. Finally, it is shown that the apparent magnitudes ofthe brightest galaxies tend to increase with velocity, implying that atleast a fraction of the velocity dispersion is determined by a Hubbleflow within the supercluster.

Submit a new article

Related links

  • - No Links Found -
Submit a new link

Member of following groups:

Observation and Astrometry data

Right ascension:00h08m54.60s
Aparent dimensions:0.813′ × 0.355′

Catalogs and designations:
Proper Names   (Edit)
NGC 2000.0NGC 9

→ Request more catalogs and designations from VizieR