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|Optical Spectroscopic Properties of a Sample of Interacting Galaxies|
We present spectroscopic observations of 83 galaxies from a sample of 49pairs of optically selected interacting galaxies, most of thempreviously unobserved. These pairs consist of a main galaxy (componentA) and a companion (component B) that has about half or less thediameter of component A. From our spectra we determine that 27 galaxiesform truly physical pairs and seven are apparent pairs, for theremaining pairs we could only extract the spectra of the A components.The spectra of the physical pairs were classified into four groupsaccording to the emission-line spectra observed in each component. Theseclassifications were made because the sample exhibits a very large rangeof spectral properties, ranging from well-evolved stellar populations(older than 200 Myr) to emission-line--dominated starburst systems (80Myr or younger). In general terms, these spectral types are wellcorrelated with the morphological types of the galaxies. However, wefind no evidence of correlation of the equivalent width of H alpha + [NII] emission lines with the degree of the interaction or with the blueabsolute magnitude of the components. From the data it is alsodetermined that the average EW(H alpha + [N II]) for the physical pairsis 37 A for the A components and 54 A for the B components. For thegalaxies that form apparent pairs we obtain EW(H alpha + [N II]) = 27 A,confirming that physical pairs have higher mean star formation ratesthan isolated galaxies. This enhancement of the star formation activityis more likely to take place in both galaxies, but the strength of theactivity seems to be higher in the B components. The mean observedvalues of EW(H alpha + [N II]) are comparable with those observed in asample of strongly interacting or merging galaxies. On the other hand,we do not find the excess of Seyfert-type nuclei previously reported instudies of similar samples of galaxies.
|The Catalog of Southern Ringed Galaxies|
The Catalog of Southern Ringed Galaxies (CSRG) is a comprehensivecompilation of diameters, axis ratios, relative bar position angles, andmorphologies of inner and outer rings, pseudorings, and lenses in 3692galaxies south of declination -17 deg. The purpose of the catalog is toevaluate the idea that these ring phenomena are related to orbitalresonances with a bar or oval in galaxy potentials. The catalog is basedon visual inspection of most of the 606 fields of the Science ResearchCouncil (SRC) IIIa-J southern sky survey, with the ESO-B, ESO-R, andPalomar Sky surveys used as auxiliaries when needed for overexposed coreregions. The catalog is most complete for SRC fields 1-303 (mostly southof declination -42 deg). In addition to ringed galaxies, a list of 859mostly nonringed galaxies intended for comparison with other catalogs isprovided. Other findings from the CSRG that are not based on statisticsare the identification of intrinsic bar/ring misalignment; bars whichunderfill inner rings; dimpling of R'1pseudorings; pointy, rectangular, or hexagonal inner or outer ringshapes; a peculiar polar-ring-related system; and other extreme examplesof spiral structure and ring morphology.
|Southern Sky Redshift Survey - The catalog|
The catalog of radial velocities for galaxies which comprise thediameter-limited sample of the Southern Sky Redshift Survey ispresented. It consolidates the data of observations carried out at theLas Campanas Observatory, Observatorio Nacional, and South AfricanAstronomical Observatory. The criteria used for the sample selection aredescribed, as well as the observational procedures and the techniqueutilized to obtain the final radial velocities. The intercomparisonbetween radial velocity measurements from different telescopes indicatesthat the final data base is fairly homogeneous with a typical error ofabout 40 km/s. The sample is at present 90 percent complete, and themissing galaxies are predominantly objects with very low surfacebrightness for which it is very difficult to obtain optical redshifts.
|Southern Galaxy Catalogue.|
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