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|On the alignment between binary spiral galaxies|
We show some significance against the null hypothesis of randominteractions of binary spiral galaxies, and in favour of the alternativethat more interactions than expected occur for axes either nearlyparallel (spins being parallel or anti-parallel) or nearly orthogonal.We discuss this in the context of similar prior studies, using adifferent statistical focus in such a way that we are able toincorporate additional data.
|The KPNO International Spectroscopic Survey. IV. Hα-selected Survey List 2|
The KPNO International Spectroscopic Survey (KISS) is an objective-prismsurvey for extragalactic emission-line objects. It combines many of thefeatures of previous slitless spectroscopic surveys with the advantagesof modern CCD detectors and is the first purely digital objective-prismsurvey for emission-line galaxies. Here we present the second list ofemission-line galaxy candidates selected from our red spectral data,which cover the wavelength range 6400 to 7200 Å. In most cases,the detected emission line is Hα. The current survey list covers a1.6d-wide strip located at δ=43°30' (B1950) and spans theright ascension range 11h55m to16h15m. The survey strip runs through the centerof the Bootes void and has enough depth to adequately sample the farside of the void. An area of 65.8 deg2 is covered. A total of1029 candidate emission-line objects have been selected for inclusion inthe survey list (15.6 deg-2). We tabulate accuratecoordinates and photometry for each source, as well as estimates of theredshift and emission-line flux and equivalent width based onmeasurements of the digital objective-prism spectra. The properties ofthe KISS emission-line galaxies are examined using the availableobservational data. Although the current survey covers only a modestfraction of the total volume of the Bootes void, we catalog at least 12objects that appear to be located within the void. Only one of theseobjects has been recognized previously as a void galaxy.
|Tidally Triggered Star Formation in Close Pairs of Galaxies. II. Constraints on Burst Strengths and Ages|
Galaxy-galaxy interactions rearrange the baryons in galaxies and triggersubstantial star formation; the aggregate effects of these interactionson the evolutionary histories of galaxies in the universe are poorlyunderstood. We combine B- and R-band photometry and optical spectroscopyto estimate the strengths and timescales of bursts of triggered starformation in the centers of 190 galaxies in pairs and compact groups.Based on an analysis of the measured colors and EW(Hα), wecharacterize the preexisting and triggered populations separately. Thebest-fitting burst scenarios assume stronger reddening corrections forline emission than for the continuum and continuous star formationlasting for >~100 Myr. The most realistic scenarios require aninitial mass function that is deficient in the highest mass stars. Thecolor of the preexisting stellar population is the most significantsource of uncertainty. Triggered star formation contributessubstantially (probably >~50%) to the R-band flux in the centralregions of several galaxies; tidal tails do not necessarily accompanythis star formation. Many of the galaxies in our sample have bluercenters than outskirts, suggesting that pre- or nonmerger interactionsmay lead to evolution along the Hubble sequence. These objects wouldappear blue and compact at higher redshifts; the older, redder outskirtsof the disks would be difficult to detect. Our data indicate thatgalaxies with larger separations on the sky contain weaker, and probablyolder, bursts of star formation on average. However, confirmation ofthese trends requires further constraints on the colors of the olderstellar populations and on the reddening for individual galaxies.
|Nearby Optical Galaxies: Selection of the Sample and Identification of Groups|
In this paper we describe the Nearby Optical Galaxy (NOG) sample, whichis a complete, distance-limited (cz<=6000 km s-1) andmagnitude-limited (B<=14) sample of ~7000 optical galaxies. Thesample covers 2/3 (8.27 sr) of the sky (|b|>20deg) andappears to have a good completeness in redshift (97%). We select thesample on the basis of homogenized corrected total blue magnitudes inorder to minimize systematic effects in galaxy sampling. We identify thegroups in this sample by means of both the hierarchical and thepercolation ``friends-of-friends'' methods. The resulting catalogs ofloose groups appear to be similar and are among the largest catalogs ofgroups currently available. Most of the NOG galaxies (~60%) are found tobe members of galaxy pairs (~580 pairs for a total of ~15% of objects)or groups with at least three members (~500 groups for a total of ~45%of objects). About 40% of galaxies are left ungrouped (field galaxies).We illustrate the main features of the NOG galaxy distribution. Comparedto previous optical and IRAS galaxy samples, the NOG provides a densersampling of the galaxy distribution in the nearby universe. Given itslarge sky coverage, the identification of groups, and its high-densitysampling, the NOG is suited to the analysis of the galaxy density fieldof the nearby universe, especially on small scales.
|Arcsecond Positions of UGC Galaxies|
We present accurate B1950 and J2000 positions for all confirmed galaxiesin the Uppsala General Catalog (UGC). The positions were measuredvisually from Digitized Sky Survey images with rms uncertaintiesσ<=[(1.2")2+(θ/100)2]1/2,where θ is the major-axis diameter. We compared each galaxymeasured with the original UGC description to ensure high reliability.The full position list is available in the electronic version only.
|Catalogue of HI maps of galaxies. I.|
A catalogue is presented of galaxies having large-scale observations inthe HI line. This catalogue collects from the literature the informationthat characterizes the observations in the 21-cm line and the way thatthese data were presented by means of maps, graphics and tables, forshowing the distribution and kinematics of the gas. It containsfurthermore a measure of the HI extension that is detected at the levelof the maximum sensitivity reached in the observations. This catalogueis intended as a guide for references on the HI maps published in theliterature from 1953 to 1995 and is the basis for the analysis of thedata presented in Paper II. The catalogue is only available inelectronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp 18.104.22.168 orhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html
|Total magnitude, radius, colour indices, colour gradients and photometric type of galaxies|
We present a catalogue of aperture photometry of galaxies, in UBVRI,assembled from three different origins: (i) an update of the catalogueof Buta et al. (1995) (ii) published photometric profiles and (iii)aperture photometry performed on CCD images. We explored different setsof growth curves to fit these data: (i) The Sersic law, (ii) The net ofgrowth curves used for the preparation of the RC3 and (iii) A linearinterpolation between the de Vaucouleurs (r(1/4) ) and exponential laws.Finally we adopted the latter solution. Fitting these growth curves, wederive (1) the total magnitude, (2) the effective radius, (3) the colourindices and (4) gradients and (5) the photometric type of 5169 galaxies.The photometric type is defined to statistically match the revisedmorphologic type and parametrizes the shape of the growth curve. It iscoded from -9, for very concentrated galaxies, to +10, for diffusegalaxies. Based in part on observations collected at the Haute-ProvenceObservatory.
|Radio Continuum Observations of Starburst Galaxies|
We present radio continuum observations with the VLA at 3.6 and 6 cm andwith MERLIN at 18 cm of a sample of mildly active galaxies, includingthe archetypal starburst galaxies NGC 1808 and 253, both of which have alarge number of compact radio components. These observations were madeto estimate the spectral indices and brightness temperatures of thesefeatures, which could help to clarify the nature of the radio emission.The spectral indices of all the prominent compact components in NGC1808, and of the five outside the central plateau of emission in NGC253, are consistent with them being supernova remnants. We discuss someof the properties of these compact radio components and the possiblesupernova rate in their parent galaxies. We also report the results ofour search for compact radio components in the remaining sources of oursample.
|A list of some corrections to Zwicky's Catalogue of Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies|
|Velocity differences in binary galaxies. I - Suggestions for a nonmonotonic, two-component distribution|
A compilation of published high-precision velocities for 107 isolatedgalaxies is presented and used to obtain the distribution function oftheir velocity differences. The distribution shows a peak at the zerodifference as expected, but it also exhibits a preference for valuesnear 72 km/2. The distribution function declines smoothly beyond about72 km/s, with no significant peaks at multiples of 72 km/s, as claimedby Tifft (1977, 1980, 1982). It is argued that criteria for selectionprocedures on binary galaxy samples which are defined on the basis oftoo narrow a projected separation in the sky can produce a nonmonotonicdistribution if the orbits are eccentric. Such orbits can produce astrong secondary peak only if the level of incompleteness inbinary-galaxy samples is quite high, suggesting that the presentstatistical estimates of the masses of binary galaxies should bereevaluated.
|The far-infrared properties of the CfA galaxy sample. I - The catalog|
IRAS flux densities are presented for all galaxies in the Center forAstrophysics magnitude-limited sample (mB not greater than 14.5)detected in the IRAS Faint Source Survey (FSS), a total of 1544galaxies. The detection rate in the FSS is slightly larger than in thePSC for the long-wavelength 60- and 100-micron bands, but improves by afactor of about 3 or more for the short wavelength 12- and 25-micronbands. This optically selected sample consists of galaxies which are, onaverage, much less IR-active than galaxies in IR-selected samples. Itpossesses accurate and complete redshift, morphological, and magnitudeinformation, along with observations at other wavelengths.
|Emission-line galaxies in the third list of the Case Low-Dispersion Northern Sky Survey|
Observations of 47 galaxies in the third Case list are reported.Thirty-five of the galaxies in the sample were selected for the presenceof emission lines on the objective prism plates. At the higher spectraldispersion of the data, significant line emission was found in 46 of the47 galaxies. Twenty-six galaxies are found to be undergoing significantbursts of star formation. Ten additional galaxies may be starburstgalaxies with low-excitation spectra. Two galaxies are probably typeSeyfert 2. The most distant object, CG 200, at a redshift of 0.144, hasa strong broad H-alpha emission line, and is probably a Seyfert 1.Seventeen of the galaxies have been detected by IRAS. Eight of the IRASgalaxies have H-II-region-type spectra and eight have low-ionizationstarburst spectra. The galaxies represent a mixture of types, rangingfrom intrinsically faint dwarf galaxies with Mb equalling -16 mag, topowerful galaxies with MB equalling -23 mag. Galaxies CG 234 and CG 235are interacting, as are galaxies CG 269 and CG 270.
|A deep redshift survey of IRAS galaxies towards the Bootes void|
Redshifts were measured for a complete sample of galaxies detected bythe IRAS within 11.5 deg of the center of the void in Bootes discoveredby Kirshner et al (1981). There are 12 IRAS galaxies within the void asdefined by the above authors, seven of which were discovered in thissurvey. One of these has a companion at the same redshift. The resultingdensity of IRAS galaxies in the void is measured to be between 1/6 and1/3 of the average density; the uncertainty is dominated by Poissonstatistics. Good agreement is found between the selection function andnumber density derived from the present sample and those derived fromthe all-sky sample of Strauss (1989). The optical spectra of the newlyfound galaxies in the void are typical of IRAS galaxies in the field.
|Spectra of galaxies in the Case Low-Dispersion Sky Survey in the direction of the Bootes void|
A sample of 34 galaxies selected from the Case Low-Dispersion NorthernSky Survey in the direction of the Bootes void. Emission-line redshiftswere obtained for 33 objects; the spectrum of the thirty-fourth galaxycontains no obvious features. Three of the emission-line galaxies arelcoated within the boundaries of the Bootes void, including one notpreviously reported. To date, all the galaxies discovered in the voidhave emission-line spectra. Although more than half the galaxies in thesample are fainter than M(B) = -21.0 mag, all five of the galaxies thatwere detected by IRAS are brighter than M(B) = 21.5 mag. The relativestrengths of the emission lines in most of the galaxies, including thosein the void, indicate the lines are excited by photoionization due toyoung, hot O and B stars. Possible causes for the star formationoccurring in these galaxies include interaction with nearby galaxies,star formation induced by nuclear activity, and/or recent development ofphysical conditions required for star formation.
|The case low-dispersion northern sky survey. IV - Galaxies in the Bootes void region|
Positions, estimated magnitudes, and finding charts (when needed) areprovided for 424 blue and/or emission-line galaxies and 50 probable H IIregions in 21 galaxies contained within the region R.A. between 14 h 00m and 15 h 30 m and decl. between +33.0 deg and +56.0 deg (1950). Thesewere identified on low-dispersion, objective-prism plates taken with theBurrell Schmidt-type telescope at Kitt Peak. This sample, which includesgalaxies as faint as the 18th blue magnitude, should prove useful infurther studies of the Bootes void.
|Double galaxies - Redshift measurements, error analysis, and mean mass/luminosity ratio|
New radial velocities for 44 double galaxy systems are presented. Theratio k between the internal and external errors in the redshift data isestimated by comparing data from catalog galaxies with a sample fromWhite et al. (1983). This ratio is found to increase from 1.0 to 2.1from galaxies with strong emission lines to absorption-line objects. Thedisparity between the absolute and internal errors diminishes for theredshift differentials of pair components, because the individual errorsin the redshifts measured for the members of a given pair are observedto be positively correlated. The average value of k for the whole sampleis estimated by considering the values of the first four moments of themass/luminosity ratio as functions of k. The absolute error in theredshift differential is 1.4 times the internal error, bringing the meanratio of orbital mass to luminosity for 490 pairs into good agreementwith the values determined from the differential rotation of galaxies.
|A 21 centimeter line survey of a complete sample of interacting and isolated galaxies|
The paper presents 21 cm line observations of a complete sample ofinteracting and isolated galaxies made with the National Radio AstronomyObservatory 91 and 43 m telescopes and the Arecibo 3035 m telescope. The21 cm line data are combined with a homogeneous set of optical data onangular diameters, axial ratios, magnitudes, and colors, and integralproperties are calculated for the galaxies in both samples. In thispaper, the sample selection procedures, the method of observation, thedata reduction, and the observational errors are described. Thedetection percentages are presented for both samples.
|A survey of galaxy redshifts. IV - The data|
The complete list of the best available radial velocities for the 2401galaxies in the merged Zwicky-Nilson catalog brighter than 14.5mz and with b (II) above +40 deg or below -30 deg ispresented. Almost 60 percent of the redshifts are from the CfA surveyand are accurate to typically 35 km/s.
|Binary galaxie. I. A well-defined statistical sample.|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1976ApJ...208...20T&db_key=AST
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