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|Outflows near an Accreting Black Hole: Ionization and Temperature Structures|
We calculate the temperature and ionization balance in an outflow froman accreting black hole under illumination by hard radiation from thecentral object. Electron scattering of the Fe Kα photons withinthe highly ionized expanding flow leads to a decrease of their energy(redshift), which is of first order in v/c, when v is the outflowvelocity and v is much less than the speed of light c. This photonredshift is an intrinsic property of any outflow for which divergence ispositive. We also find that the equivalent widths of red-skewed FeKα that originated in the wind is on the order of keV. We concludethat redshifted lines are intrinsic properties of the powerful outflowsthat are observed in many compact objects. Downscattering of the primaryline photons generated in the outflow (a more natural and probablemechanism than the general relativistic effects in the innermost part ofthe accretion flow) leads to the formation of red-skewed lines.
|Discovery of Numerous Dwarf Galaxies in the Two Nearest Groups of Galaxies.|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1997AJ....114.1313C&db_key=AST
|Redshift of clusters and galaxies towards the Shapley Concentration|
We report velocity measurements of galaxies in this, the densest massconcentration within $z=0.1$, obtained with the multifiber spectrographMEFOS at ESO, La Silla. We derive redshifts of a number of Abellclusters and draw implications for the supercluster structure. Theclusters A3554, A3566, A3577 and AS718 are confirmed as members, whilethe clusters A3524, A3531, A3542, A3545 and A3549 are shown to bebackground systems and A3581 a foreground one. Based on observationsmade at ESO, La Silla, Chile.
|General study of group membership. II - Determination of nearby groups|
We present a whole sky catalog of nearby groups of galaxies taken fromthe Lyon-Meudon Extragalactic Database. From the 78,000 objects in thedatabase, we extracted a sample of 6392 galaxies, complete up to thelimiting apparent magnitude B0 = 14.0. Moreover, in order to considersolely the galaxies of the local universe, all the selected galaxieshave a known recession velocity smaller than 5500 km/s. Two methods wereused in group construction: a Huchra-Geller (1982) derived percolationmethod and a Tully (1980) derived hierarchical method. Each method gaveus one catalog. These were then compared and synthesized to obtain asingle catalog containing the most reliable groups. There are 485 groupsof a least three members in the final catalog.
|I-band CCD surface photometry of spiral galaxies in 16 nearby clusters|
Results of I-band CCD surface photometry for 284 spiral galaxies in 16clusters in the redshift range from 3000 to 11,000 km/s are presented.Various effects on surface photometry are discussed, and the relevantcorrections are outlined.
|Groups of galaxies within 80 Mpc. II - The catalogue of groups and group members|
This paper gives a catalog of the groups and associations obtained bymeans of a revised hierarchical algorithm applied to a sample of 4143galaxies with diameters larger than 100 arcsec and redshifts smallerthan 6000 km/s. The 264 groups of galaxies obtained in this way (andwhich contain at least three sample galaxies) are listed, with the looseassociations surrounding them and the individual members of eachaggregate as well; moreover, the location of every entity among 13regions corresponding roughly to superclusters is specified. Finally,1729 galaxies belong to the groups, and 466 to the associations, i.e.,the total fraction of galaxies within the various aggregates amounts to53 percent.
|The supergalactic plane redshift survey|
Redshift measurements, about 1000 of which are new, are presented for1314 galaxies in a survey toward the apex of the large-scale streamingflow for ellipticals. The velocity histogram shows that the excess ingalaxy number counts in this area is due to a substantial concentrationof galaxies with discrete peaks at V about 3000 km/s and V about 4500km/s. After correction for the sampling function, the centroid of thedensity distribution is found to be near V about 4500 km/s.Normalization to the more extensive SSRS survey, which was selected bythe same criteria, shows that the region studied contains a considerableoverdensity of galaxies from 2000 to 6000 km/s. This result is in goodagreement with the 'great attractor' model suggested by Lynden-Bell etal. (1988) which attributes the peculiar motions of elliptical galaxiesover a large region of space to an extensive mass overdensity whichincludes the Hydra-Centaurus and Pavo-Indus superclusters. The centroidof the density enhancement is also consistent with new data by Dresslerand Faber (1990) of peculiar motions of elliptical and spiral galaxies,both of which show a zero crossing of the Hubble line at approximately4500-5000 km/s.
|An HI survey of late-type galaxies in the Southern Hemisphere. I - The SGC sample|
The present H I survey of Southern Hemisphere late-type galaxies wascompleted at the Nancay radio telescope between 1985 and 1988 and coverslarge galaxies selected from the Corwin et al. (1985) SGC catalog. Ofthe 311 galaxies observed, only 245 were detected due to the very lowsurface brightness of the Magellanic irregulars. These determinationsare conceived as useful for the establishment of distance criteria forlate-type galaxies. A histogram is presented of the velocities for thedetected galaxies vs morphological stages; attention is given toindividual spectra for 242 galaxies in the sample.
|Southern Galaxy Catalogue.|
|A catalogue of dwarf galaxies south of delta = -17.5 deg|
A catalog of 584 suspected dwarf galaxies south of declination -17.5 degis presented. The survey was done on ESO(B) and SRC(J) plates and films.Position, major and minor axes, luminosity classes, and types(irregular, spiral, elliptical) are given.
|An optical and H I study of late-type low surface brightness galaxies|
Neutral hydrogen and optical parameters are presented for 151 galaxiesof low surface brightness selected from UK Schmidt plates. The 21-cm H Iline was detected in 100 of these systems. It is found that the galaxiesshow the same trends of global properties with type as samples of brightgalaxies, while the data are consistent with the low surface brightness(LSB) galaxies being of systematically lower mass than bright galaxiesof the same type and linear dimensions. A constant value of hydrogenmass/(linear dimension)/squared is strongly suggested for LSB and brightgalaxies.
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