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The SCUBA Local Universe Galaxy Survey - III. Dust along the Hubble sequence
We present new results from the Submillimetre Common-User BolometerArray (SCUBA) Local Universe Galaxy Survey (SLUGS), the first largesystematic submillimetre (submm) survey of the local Universe. Since ourinitial survey of a sample of 104 IRAS-selected galaxies we have nowcompleted a survey of a sample of 81 optically selected galaxies,observed with the SCUBA camera on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope.Since SCUBA is sensitive to the 90 per cent of dust too cold to radiatesignificantly in the IRAS bands our new sample represents the firstunbiased SCUBA survey of dust in galaxies along the whole length of theHubble sequence.We find little change in the properties of dust in galaxies along theHubble sequence, except a marginally significant trend for early-typegalaxies to be less-luminous submm sources than late types. Wenevertheless detected six out of 11 elliptical galaxies, although someof the emission may possibly be synchrotron rather than dust emission.As in our earlier work on IRAS galaxies we find that the IRAS and submmfluxes are well fitted by a two-component dust model with dustemissivity index β= 2. The major difference from our earlier workis that we find the ratio of the mass of cold dust to the mass of warmdust is much higher for our optically selected galaxies and can reachvalues of ~1000. Comparison of the results for the IRAS and opticallyselected samples shows that there is a population of galaxies containinga large proportion of cold dust that is unrepresented in the IRASsample.We derive local submm luminosity and dust mass functions, both directlyfrom our optically selected SLUGS sample, and by extrapolation from theIRAS Point Source Catalogue Redshift Survey (PSCz) survey using themethod of Serjeant and Harrison (by extrapolating the spectral energydistributions of the IRAS PSCz survey galaxies out to 850μm we probea wider range of luminosities than probed directly by the SLUGSsamples), and find excellent agreement between the two. We find them tobe well fitted by Schechter functions except at the highestluminosities. We find that as a consequence of the omission of coldgalaxies from the IRAS sample the luminosity function presented in ourearlier work is too low by a factor of 2, reducing the amount of cosmicevolution required between the low-z and high-z Universe.

The Type Ia Supernova 2001V in NGC 3987
CCD photometry is presented of the type Ia SN 2001V occurred in theedge-on spiral galaxy NGC 3987. The observations made throughJohnson-Cousins BVRI filters were collected from Feb. 24 (t = - 8 days,with respect to B-maximum), up to May 5 (t = +62 days). The light curvesare analyzed with the revised Multi-Colour Light Curve Shape (MLCS)method (\cite{riess2}) by fitting template vectors to the observed lightcurves simultaneously. The reddening of SN 2001V is estimated to beE(B-V)=0.05 mag, while the galactic component is E(B-V) = 0.02 mag(Schlegel et al. \cite{sfd}), suggesting that part of the reddening maybe due to the ISM in the host galaxy. The Delta parameter in MLCSconverged to -0.47 mag, indicating that this SN was overluminousrelative to the majority of Type Ia SNe. The inferred distance to itshost galaxy, NGC 3987, is 74.5 +/- 5 Mpc, which is in good agreementwith recently determined kinematic distances, based on radial velocitycorrected for Virgo-infall and Hubble constant H0 = 65 kms-1Mpc-1. Based on observations obtained atGerman-Spanish Astronomical Centre, Calar Alto, operated by theMax-Planck-Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg, jointly with the SpanishNational Commission for Astronomy.

The UZC-SSRS2 Group Catalog
We apply a friends-of-friends algorithm to the combined Updated ZwickyCatalog and Southern Sky Redshift Survey to construct a catalog of 1168groups of galaxies; 411 of these groups have five or more members withinthe redshift survey. The group catalog covers 4.69 sr, and all groupsexceed the number density contrast threshold, δρ/ρ=80. Wedemonstrate that the groups catalog is homogeneous across the twounderlying redshift surveys; the catalog of groups and their membersthus provides a basis for other statistical studies of the large-scaledistribution of groups and their physical properties. The medianphysical properties of the groups are similar to those for groupsderived from independent surveys, including the ESO Key Programme andthe Las Campanas Redshift Survey. We include tables of groups and theirmembers.

HI observations of loose galaxy groups. I. Data and global properties
At Nançay, 21-cm H I line observations were made of 15spiral-dominated loose groups of galaxies, divided into two samples: an``interacting'' sample containing at least one pair of interactinggalaxies, and a ``control'' sample having no optical evidence ofinteractions or morphological disturbances among the group members. Theinteracting sample consists of 62 galaxies representing 9 differentgroups, and the control sample contains 40 galaxies representing 6groups. Of the 91 galaxy and galaxy pairs observed, 74 were detected,while upper limits were placed on the remaining 17 objects. Thesehomogeneous H I data, which will be used in future analyses, providecomparative information on the H I content of groups and serve as aprobe of the vicinity of the target spirals for H I clouds or very lowsurface brightness gas-rich galaxies.

Nearby Optical Galaxies: Selection of the Sample and Identification of Groups
In this paper we describe the Nearby Optical Galaxy (NOG) sample, whichis a complete, distance-limited (cz<=6000 km s-1) andmagnitude-limited (B<=14) sample of ~7000 optical galaxies. Thesample covers 2/3 (8.27 sr) of the sky (|b|>20deg) andappears to have a good completeness in redshift (97%). We select thesample on the basis of homogenized corrected total blue magnitudes inorder to minimize systematic effects in galaxy sampling. We identify thegroups in this sample by means of both the hierarchical and thepercolation ``friends-of-friends'' methods. The resulting catalogs ofloose groups appear to be similar and are among the largest catalogs ofgroups currently available. Most of the NOG galaxies (~60%) are found tobe members of galaxy pairs (~580 pairs for a total of ~15% of objects)or groups with at least three members (~500 groups for a total of ~45%of objects). About 40% of galaxies are left ungrouped (field galaxies).We illustrate the main features of the NOG galaxy distribution. Comparedto previous optical and IRAS galaxy samples, the NOG provides a densersampling of the galaxy distribution in the nearby universe. Given itslarge sky coverage, the identification of groups, and its high-densitysampling, the NOG is suited to the analysis of the galaxy density fieldof the nearby universe, especially on small scales.

Arcsecond Positions of UGC Galaxies
We present accurate B1950 and J2000 positions for all confirmed galaxiesin the Uppsala General Catalog (UGC). The positions were measuredvisually from Digitized Sky Survey images with rms uncertaintiesσ<=[(1.2")2+(θ/100)2]1/2,where θ is the major-axis diameter. We compared each galaxymeasured with the original UGC description to ensure high reliability.The full position list is available in the electronic version only.

The 3-D structure of the Coma-A 1367 supercluster: Optical spectroscopy of 102 galaxies
Optical spectroscopy of 117 CGCG galaxies, 102 of which are projected inthe direction of the Coma-A 1367 supercluster, is reported. These newmeasurements, added to those found in the literature, bring to 1068 thenumber of CGCG galaxies in this region with available redshift, out of atotal of 1085 objects with m_p<= 15.7. We use these data to infer the3-D structure of the Coma supercluster. Based on observations obtainedwith the Loiano telescope belonging to the University of Bologna, Italy,and with the G. Haro telescope of the INAOE, Mexico.

On the local radio luminosity function of galaxies. II. Environmental dependences among late-type galaxies
Using new extensive radio continuum surveys at 1.4 GHz (FIRST and NVSS),we derive the distribution of the radio/optical and radio/NIR luminosity(RLF) of late-type (Sa-Irr) galaxies (m_p<15.7) in 5 nearby clustersof galaxies: A262, Cancer, A1367, Coma and Virgo. With the aim ofdiscussing possible environmental dependences of the radio properties,we compare these results with those obtained for relatively isolatedobjects in the Coma supercluster. We find that the RLF of Cancer, A262and Virgo are consistent with that of isolated galaxies. Conversely weconfirm earlier claims that galaxies in A1367 and Coma have their radioemissivity enhanced by a factor ~ 5 with respect to isolated objects. Wediscuss this result in the framework of the dynamical pressure sufferedby galaxies in motion through the intra-cluster gas (ram-pressure). Wefind that the radio excess is statistically larger for galaxies in fasttransit motion. This is coherent with the idea that enhanced radiocontinuum activity is associated with magnetic field compression. TheX-ray luminosities and temperatures of Coma and A1367 imply that thesetwo clusters have significantly larger intracluster gas density than theremaining three studied ones, providing a clue for explaining the higherradio continuum luminosities of their galaxies. Multiple systems in theComa supercluster bridge (with projected separations smaller than 300kpc) have radio luminosities significantly larger than isolatedgalaxies. Table~1 is only available in electronic form at the CDS viaanonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html}

Groups of galaxies. III. Some empirical characteristics.
Not Available

Total magnitude, radius, colour indices, colour gradients and photometric type of galaxies
We present a catalogue of aperture photometry of galaxies, in UBVRI,assembled from three different origins: (i) an update of the catalogueof Buta et al. (1995) (ii) published photometric profiles and (iii)aperture photometry performed on CCD images. We explored different setsof growth curves to fit these data: (i) The Sersic law, (ii) The net ofgrowth curves used for the preparation of the RC3 and (iii) A linearinterpolation between the de Vaucouleurs (r(1/4) ) and exponential laws.Finally we adopted the latter solution. Fitting these growth curves, wederive (1) the total magnitude, (2) the effective radius, (3) the colourindices and (4) gradients and (5) the photometric type of 5169 galaxies.The photometric type is defined to statistically match the revisedmorphologic type and parametrizes the shape of the growth curve. It iscoded from -9, for very concentrated galaxies, to +10, for diffusegalaxies. Based in part on observations collected at the Haute-ProvenceObservatory.

An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.
A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect.

A revised catalog of CfA1 galaxy groups in the Virgo/Great Attractor flow field
A new identification of groups and clusters in the CfA1 Catalog ofHuchra et al. is presented, using a percolation algorithm to identifydensity enhancements. It is shown that in the resulting catalog,contamination by interlopers is significantly reduced. The Schechterluminosity function is redetermined, including the Malmquist bias.

Dynamics of Binary Galaxies. I. Wide Pairs
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1993ApJ...419...30C&db_key=AST

General study of group membership. II - Determination of nearby groups
We present a whole sky catalog of nearby groups of galaxies taken fromthe Lyon-Meudon Extragalactic Database. From the 78,000 objects in thedatabase, we extracted a sample of 6392 galaxies, complete up to thelimiting apparent magnitude B0 = 14.0. Moreover, in order to considersolely the galaxies of the local universe, all the selected galaxieshave a known recession velocity smaller than 5500 km/s. Two methods wereused in group construction: a Huchra-Geller (1982) derived percolationmethod and a Tully (1980) derived hierarchical method. Each method gaveus one catalog. These were then compared and synthesized to obtain asingle catalog containing the most reliable groups. There are 485 groupsof a least three members in the final catalog.

A list of some corrections to Zwicky's Catalogue of Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies
Not Available

Companions' influence on the emission-line rotation curves of galaxies
The sample of members of isolated pairs of galaxies and close binaryinteracting systems - demonstrating a systematic falling of theemission-line rotation curves after the maxima - are considered. It isfound that there is a significant correlation between thecharacteristics of the galaxies' emission-line velocity fields and thespatial distance to the companion. The different factors affecting theinvestigated relationships are discussed.

Near infrared observations of galaxies in the Coma supercluster and in the Cancer cluster. II
New near infrared observations of 110 galaxies in the Coma/A1367supercluster region, and 40 galaxies in the Cancer cluster arepresented. These observations are part of an ongoing investigation ofthe properties of normal galaxies and of their near-IR emission, whichaims at obtaining homogeneous, multifrequency data for a large sample ofgalaxies in different density environments. The addition of theseobservations to the sample presented in Gavazzi and Trinchieri (1989)raises the number of Coma/A1367 galaxies with near-IR data to 275. Themeasurements, together with data published by Bothun et al. (1985), givea sample of 45 spirals in the Cancer cluster.

Galaxies possibly resembling M82-type galaxies
A list of 298 galaxies with possible features of M82 galaxies ispresented. This list contains those Irr II candidates whose images onPalomar photographs shown no trace of dust although the objects are redand suspected to be peculiar.

Near-infrared observations of galaxies in the Coma supercluster
Near-IR magnitudes have been obtained for 136 galaxies in the Coma/A1367supercluster region, and near-IR colors (J-H) and (H-K) for 90 and 87objects, respectively. The near-IR colors are contained in a small rangeand do not depend on morphological types, galaxy inclination, orenvironment. Optical-to-IR colors depend strongly on a galaxy'smorphological type and inclination. There is a dependence of therelative excess of radio, and to a lesser degree, of far-IR emission onrecent star formation activity. The magnitude-line width relation forgalaxies in Coma and A1367 obtained with these data has a larger spreadthan previously found with smaller samples. The data suggest a distancemodulus to Coma of about 35, regardless of the choice of primarycalibrators.

Radio-continuum survey of the Coma/A1367 supercluster. IV - 1.4 GHz observations of CGCG galaxies
1.4 GHz radio-continuum observations of 148 CGCG galaxies in the Comasupercluster region were obtained with the VLA in C array configuration.Comparison with previous measurements at 0.6 GHz leads to an averagespectral index of 0.8. The structures of 29 galaxies in this regiondetermined with high-resolution VLA (A array) observations arepresented.

21 centimeter study of spiral galaxies in the Coma supercluster
High-sensitivity, 21 cm line observations of 130 galaxies in theComa/A1367 Supercluster region are presented and used to study thelarge-scale distribution of galaxies in the direction of the ComaSupercluster and the H I content in spiral galaxies as a function of thelocal galaxy density. Groups of galaxies are found to form aquasi-continuous structure that connects the Local Supercluster to theComa Supercluster. This structure is composed of real filaments only inthe vicinity of the Coma Cluster. Spiral galaxies in the surveyed groupsand multiple systems have H I content not dissimilar from that ofisolated galaxies. Galaxies within about 1 Abell radius from the ComaCluster contain about three times less hydrogen on average than isolatedgalaxies. There is a strong tendency for galaxies that are more severelyH I-depleted to be redder and of earlier Hubble type. In the ComaCluster a considerable fraction of late-type, blue galaxies have largedeficiency parameters.

A VLA 20 CM survey of poor groups of galaxies
The paper reports on VLA 20 cm observations of an extensive sample ofgalaxies in 139 poor groups. These groups, composed of galaxies down tothe limit of the Zwicky et al. (CGCG) catalog, were chosen using apercolation algorithm set at a high surface-density threshold.Approximately 50 percent of the groups have measured redshifts. Thesegroups were surveyed using a 'snapshot' mode of the VLA with aresolution of about 13 arcsec. Analysis of the resulting radio andoptical properties reveals that the presence of a nearby companiongalaxy has an important role in generating radio emission in a galaxy.CCD observations of two radio-loud, disturbed galaxies with companionsare presented and are used to discuss models of radio-source production.Nine tailed radio galaxies are found in the poor groups, which is muchmore than had been expected from previous work on rich clusters and fromtheoretical models. The paper discusses previous statistical biases andproposes a method for bending head-tail sources in poor groups. From theconfinement of extended radio features associated with tailed sources,the presence of a substantial intracluster medium that should radiatesignificantly at soft-X-ray energies is predicted.

The NGC 4005 group - A rotating system of galaxies?
H I line observations with the Arecibo 305 m telescope were made of 23galaxies within a 7 square degree region centered on the NGC 4005 group,a system of galaxies located in Zw 127-10. Accurate radial velocitiesand direct mass estimates derived from the 21 cm line profiles of thegalaxies in this region are reported. A systematic trend in the radialvelocities is found along the major axis of the NGC 4005 group. Thiscorrelation between position and velocity is fitted to a simple linearregression relation with a slope significantly different from zero. Oneexplanation for this effect is that the NGC 4005 group is rotating witha period no longer than four billion yr. Other possible interpretationsof this systematic effect are discussed. The mass of the group isestimated by applying the harmonic law, the virial theorem, and theprojected mass method. The masses obtained from the three methods areall consistent.

Radio continuum survey of the Coma/A1367 supercluster. III - Properties of galaxies in different density environments
The analysis of a radio continuum survey of 724 galaxies in the ComaSupercluster region is reported. The analysis is based on the radioluminosity function (RLF) and on the distribution of the radio tooptical ratio function of galaxies in different regimes of local galaxydensity and of different morphological types. For low and moderateluminosities, the RLFs of E/SO galaxies in clusters, groups, andmultiple systems are found to be similar. Isolated galaxies are'radio-poor' by a factor of about five. Spirals in rich clusters have atypical luminosity about 10 times higher than galaxies outside clusters.The radio-bright cluster spirals are mostly late morphological types.High radio luminosity in cluster spirals correlates well with indicatorsof star formation and with H I deficiency. This suggests thatinteraction with the cluster medium leads to collapse of molecularclouds, star formation, generation of cosmic rays, and morphologicaldistortions.

Radio continuum survey of the Coma/A1367 supercluster. II - 1.5 GHz observations of 396 CGCG galaxies
1.5 GHz VLA radio continuum observations of 396 relatively isolated CGCGgalaxies in the Coma/A1367 supercluster yielded the detection of 95objects. These observations, added to the ones presented in previouspapers, form a complete sample of optically selected objects with m(p)equal to or less than 15.3. Two wide-angle-tailed sources have beenfound in smaller groups within the supercluster.

Radio continuum survey of the Coma/A1367 supercluster. I - 610 MHz observations of CGCG galaxies in four groups
Radio continuum observations obtained with the Westerbork RadioSynthesis Telescope (WSRT) at 0.6 GHz of four groups of galaxies in theComa/A1367 supercluster area are presented. Ninety-nine CGCG galaxieswere surveyed, yielding the detection of 21 objects. A wide-angle-tailradio galaxy, NGC 4061, in the NGC 4065 group is found. Analysis of thissource suggests a relatively low value (n(e) T approximately 1000 per cucm K) for the intracluster gas pressure in this group.

A Dynamical Study of the NGC 4005 Group
Not Available

A search for environmental effects on the optical properties of galaxies in groups
Environmental density-related modifications of basic optical properties(luminosities, sizes, axial ratios, and colors) of galaxies belonging toGeller and Huchra's (1983) groups have been investigated. Remarkably, itis found that the broad maxima of the distributions of luminosities anddiameters of spirals and the whole corresponding distributions oflenticulars tend to move to lower values as one goes to groups of highcompactness, whereas the luminosity-diameter relationship of spiralstends to become flatter. No color and axial ratio differences betweengalaxies of high- and low-compactness groups have been detected.

Structure of superclusters and superclusters formation. IV Spatial distribution of clusters of galaxies in the Coma supercluster and its large-scale environment
The Coma-A1367 Supercluster and its large-scale environment areinvestigated. The Zwicky et al. (1961-68) clusters are used assupercluster tracers; superclusters are defined not by visual impressionbut on the basis of cluster analysis. Attention is restricted to an areaof the sky where RA is between 9h and 15h, with Dec. greater than -3deg. Clustering analysis is applied to study the spatial distribution.At neighborhood radii R = 15-25 Mpc (for Hubble constant H = 50 km per sper Mpc), the clusters form chains and superclusters of galaxies. It isnoted that at R = 26-28 Mpc, superclusters merge to a single connectednetwork. Cluster chains link the Coma-A1367 Supercluster with the LocalSupercluster, A779, and Hercules Superclusters. The Coma-A1367Supercluster comprises four cluster chains, and its diameter is greaterthan 100 Mpc. It is noted that a typical cluster chain has eight Zwickyclusters and is 80 Mpc in length. Most, if not all, of the clusters formconnected systems. Empty regions devoid of clusters have diameters up to100 Mpc in this region of the sky. The morphology distribution of brightgalaxies and the mean absolute magnitude of first ranked galaxies inZwicky clusters are found to be similar to the respective quantities inAbell clusters.

A survey of galaxy redshifts. IV - The data
The complete list of the best available radial velocities for the 2401galaxies in the merged Zwicky-Nilson catalog brighter than 14.5mz and with b (II) above +40 deg or below -30 deg ispresented. Almost 60 percent of the redshifts are from the CfA surveyand are accurate to typically 35 km/s.

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Observation and Astrometry data

Right ascension:11h58m10.20s
Aparent dimensions:1.202′ × 0.794′

Catalogs and designations:
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NGC 2000.0NGC 4005

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