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|Arcsecond Positions of UGC Galaxies|
We present accurate B1950 and J2000 positions for all confirmed galaxiesin the Uppsala General Catalog (UGC). The positions were measuredvisually from Digitized Sky Survey images with rms uncertaintiesσ<=[(1.2")2+(θ/100)2]1/2,where θ is the major-axis diameter. We compared each galaxymeasured with the original UGC description to ensure high reliability.The full position list is available in the electronic version only.
|Very Wide Galaxy Pairs of the Northern and Southern Sky|
We present highly accurate observations of the 21 cm line of hydrogen ingalaxies made at the Arecibo and Parkes Observatories. The galaxiesobserved have been identified, through rigorous selection criteriaapplied to the CfA and SSRS catalogs, as being members of pairs withprojected separations of up to 1.5 Mpc (H0 = 75 km s-1 Mpc-1). Theseobservations form the completion of the Chengalur-Nordgren galaxy pairsample with data previously published by Chengalur, Nordgren andcolleagues. The new selection criteria used in this paper are anextension to larger projected separations of the criteria usedpreviously. Forty-nine new galaxies are observed, while H I is detectedin 41 of them. With the addition of these galaxies, the completed samplehas highly accurate H I velocities for a total of 219 galaxies.
|Quasar Creation and Evolution into Galaxies|
Building on evidence starting from 1966, X-ray observations have onceagain confirmed the association of quasars with low redshift galaxies.Enough examples of quasar-like objects ejected in opposite directionsfrom nearby, active galaxies have accumulated so that an empiricalevolutionary sequence can be outlined. The quasars start out with lowluminosity and high (z > 2) redshift. As they travel away from theirgalaxy of origin they grow in size and decay in redshift. The redshiftsdrop in steps and near the quantized values of z = 0.6, 0.3, and 0.06the quasars become particularly active, ejecting or breaking up intomany objects which evolve finally into groups and clusters of galaxies.The observations massively violate the assumptions of the Big Bang andrequire continuous, episodic creation in a non expanding universe ofindefinitely large size and age.
|Arm structure in normal spiral galaxies, 1: Multivariate data for 492 galaxies|
Multivariate data have been collected as part of an effort to develop anew classification system for spiral galaxies, one which is notnecessarily based on subjective morphological properties. A sample of492 moderately bright northern Sa and Sc spirals was chosen for futurestatistical analysis. New observations were made at 20 and 21 cm; thelatter data are described in detail here. Infrared Astronomy Satellite(IRAS) fluxes were obtained from archival data. Finally, new estimatesof arm pattern radomness and of local environmental harshness werecompiled for most sample objects.
|The far-infrared properties of the CfA galaxy sample. I - The catalog|
IRAS flux densities are presented for all galaxies in the Center forAstrophysics magnitude-limited sample (mB not greater than 14.5)detected in the IRAS Faint Source Survey (FSS), a total of 1544galaxies. The detection rate in the FSS is slightly larger than in thePSC for the long-wavelength 60- and 100-micron bands, but improves by afactor of about 3 or more for the short wavelength 12- and 25-micronbands. This optically selected sample consists of galaxies which are, onaverage, much less IR-active than galaxies in IR-selected samples. Itpossesses accurate and complete redshift, morphological, and magnitudeinformation, along with observations at other wavelengths.
|A survey of galaxy redshifts. IV - The data|
The complete list of the best available radial velocities for the 2401galaxies in the merged Zwicky-Nilson catalog brighter than 14.5mz and with b (II) above +40 deg or below -30 deg ispresented. Almost 60 percent of the redshifts are from the CfA surveyand are accurate to typically 35 km/s.
|A catalog of hierarchical subclustering in the Turner-Gott groups|
Information on the substructure, to four levels of hierarchy, ispresented for the 103 groups listed by Turner and Gott (TG) in theircatalog of groups of galaxies. All galaxies brighter than Mpg= 14.0 in the region delta is 0 deg or greater and b(II) is 40 deg orgreater that have been assigned group memberships by TG are included.Also listed is the local environmental information for each of thegalaxies, giving the surface density enhancement beta in the galaxy'sneighborhood, calculated at 15 levels in the range beta = 4.6 to 10,000.
|A sensitive H I detection survey for early-type disk galaxies|
A sensitive neutral hydrogen study was carried out on a sample of 145galaxies with known redshift and with Hubble classification SO, SO/a, orSa. New H I data were collected with the 305-m Arecibo telescope. Thestudy covers galaxies both in and outside of the Virgo cluster, includessome faint galaxies (to mz = 14.0), and used only one central Arecibobeam per galaxy. In total, 64 galaxies are detected, including 25 pureSO galaxies. However, in spite of the good sensitivity, many of the SOgalaxies are still undetected (while others give a very strong signal),indicating a very large range in the ratio of hydrogen mass toluminosity. We confirm that the detection probability for SO galaxies issmaller inside the Virgo cluster than outside. Most Sa galaxies weredetected, except in the Virgo cluster core, and the H I content ofdetected Sa galaxies is smaller inside the cluster than outside. Thecorrelation of gas content with optical features and radio continuumproperties is also discussed.
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