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|Extending the Search for Counterrotating Gas and Stars in Galaxies: A Study of Late-Type Dwarfs|
In a previous study on gas-stellar counterrotation for a large sample ofE/S0 and spiral galaxies (Kannappan & Fabricant 2001), two dwarfirregular galaxies were included, of which one was tentativelyidentified as a counterrotator. Here we extend the search forcounterrotation to include 10 more irregular/spiral dwarf galaxies. Wefind that all systems with well defined gas and stellar rotation showkinematics consistent with co-rotation. However, we see evidence ofdecoupled gas and stellar kinematics in ≳ 50% of the sample,possibly reflecting minor interactions too small to create large-scalegas-stellar counterrotation.
|Forming Young Bulges within Existing Disks: Statistical Evidence for External Drivers|
Contrary to traditional models of galaxy formation, recent observationssuggest that some bulges form within preexisting disk galaxies. Suchlate-epoch bulge formation within disks seems to be linked to disk gasinflow and central star formation, caused by either internal secularprocesses or galaxy mergers and interactions. We identify a populationof galaxies likely to be experiencing active bulge growth within disks,using the criterion that the color within the half-light radius is bluerthan the outer disk color. Such blue-centered galaxies make up more than10% of star-forming disk galaxies within the Nearby Field Galaxy Survey,a broad survey designed to represent the natural diversity of the low-zgalaxy population over a wide range of luminosities and environments.Blue-centered galaxies correlate at 99% confidence with morphologicalpeculiarities suggestive of minor mergers and interactions. From thisand other evidence, we argue that external drivers rather than internalsecular processes probably account for the majority of blue-centeredgalaxies. We go on to discuss quantitative plausibility argumentsindicating that blue-centered evolutionary phases may represent animportant mode of bulge growth for most disk galaxies, leading tosignificant changes in bulge-to-disk ratio without destroying disks. Ifthis view is correct, bulge growth within disks may be a naturalconsequence of the repeated galaxy mergers and interactions inherent inhierarchical galaxy formation.
|Arcsecond Positions of UGC Galaxies|
We present accurate B1950 and J2000 positions for all confirmed galaxiesin the Uppsala General Catalog (UGC). The positions were measuredvisually from Digitized Sky Survey images with rms uncertaintiesσ<=[(1.2")2+(θ/100)2]1/2,where θ is the major-axis diameter. We compared each galaxymeasured with the original UGC description to ensure high reliability.The full position list is available in the electronic version only.
|Total magnitude, radius, colour indices, colour gradients and photometric type of galaxies|
We present a catalogue of aperture photometry of galaxies, in UBVRI,assembled from three different origins: (i) an update of the catalogueof Buta et al. (1995) (ii) published photometric profiles and (iii)aperture photometry performed on CCD images. We explored different setsof growth curves to fit these data: (i) The Sersic law, (ii) The net ofgrowth curves used for the preparation of the RC3 and (iii) A linearinterpolation between the de Vaucouleurs (r(1/4) ) and exponential laws.Finally we adopted the latter solution. Fitting these growth curves, wederive (1) the total magnitude, (2) the effective radius, (3) the colourindices and (4) gradients and (5) the photometric type of 5169 galaxies.The photometric type is defined to statistically match the revisedmorphologic type and parametrizes the shape of the growth curve. It iscoded from -9, for very concentrated galaxies, to +10, for diffusegalaxies. Based in part on observations collected at the Haute-ProvenceObservatory.
|Optical and I-band surface photometry of spiral galaxies. I. The data.|
We present V- and I-band CCD surface photometry on 234 inclined Sa-Sdgalaxies, completed by similar data in B and R for a reduced subsample.In this first paper of a series, the reduction of the data is discussed,and several comparisons are made with other recent works. Radialprofiles are presented for the surface brightness and thecharacteristics of ellipses fitted to isophotes; global, effective, andisophotal parameters are listed. All the results are available inelectronic form.
|An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.|
A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect.
|The UV properties of normal galaxies. II. The ``non-IUE'' data.|
In the last decade several satellite and balloon borne experiments havecollected a large number of ultraviolet fluxes of normal galaxiesmeasured through apertures of various sizes and shapes. We havehomogenized this data set by deriving scale corrections with respect toIUE. In a forthcoming paper these data will be used to derive standardluminosity profiles and total magnitudes.
|A revised catalog of CfA1 galaxy groups in the Virgo/Great Attractor flow field|
A new identification of groups and clusters in the CfA1 Catalog ofHuchra et al. is presented, using a percolation algorithm to identifydensity enhancements. It is shown that in the resulting catalog,contamination by interlopers is significantly reduced. The Schechterluminosity function is redetermined, including the Malmquist bias.
|General study of group membership. II - Determination of nearby groups|
We present a whole sky catalog of nearby groups of galaxies taken fromthe Lyon-Meudon Extragalactic Database. From the 78,000 objects in thedatabase, we extracted a sample of 6392 galaxies, complete up to thelimiting apparent magnitude B0 = 14.0. Moreover, in order to considersolely the galaxies of the local universe, all the selected galaxieshave a known recession velocity smaller than 5500 km/s. Two methods wereused in group construction: a Huchra-Geller (1982) derived percolationmethod and a Tully (1980) derived hierarchical method. Each method gaveus one catalog. These were then compared and synthesized to obtain asingle catalog containing the most reliable groups. There are 485 groupsof a least three members in the final catalog.
|HI observations of galaxies in nearby Zwicky clusters|
The results of a long term project of H I observations of galaxieswithin the boundaries of nearby Zwicky clusters are presented. Thedetection rate is rather low (233 out of 618, i.e., 38 percent) ascompared to other surveys carried out recently. Most of the radialvelocities of the detected galaxies are new determinations. The largespread in radial velocities for many of these clusters is a strongindication for the presence of several foreground and/or backgroundgalaxies.
|A Bowl Full of Galaxies|
|CCD photometry of the ring galaxy VV 32|
CCD observations of the ring galaxy VV 32 at B, V, R, and I wavelengthsare analyzed for color and brightness features of the detectedstructures. The color differences show the presence of youngstar-forming regions, providing consistent support to the collisionalhypothesis.
|The nuclear activity of interacting galaxies|
A search for active galactic nuclei among interacting galaxies isreported. A sample of 167 systems of interacting and asymmetric galaxieswas observed spectrophotometrically in the spectral range 4700-7100 A.The results are compared with a sample of isolated galaxies. It is foundthat (1) there are no Seyfert nuclei in elliptical or dwarf irregulargalaxies of the sample; (2) there is an excess of Seyfert nuclei amonginteracting spirals, but it is only at the 90 percent confidence level;(3) this excess becomes statistically significant (98 percent) when onlystrongly interacting spirals are included (four new Seyfert nuclei arepresented); (4) in the subgroup of galaxies with extreme tidaldistortions, no Seyfert nuclei were found.
|Nonphysical Pair of Galaxies VV320 / MGC9-19-165 MGC9-19-169|
|A survey of galaxy redshifts. IV - The data|
The complete list of the best available radial velocities for the 2401galaxies in the merged Zwicky-Nilson catalog brighter than 14.5mz and with b (II) above +40 deg or below -30 deg ispresented. Almost 60 percent of the redshifts are from the CfA surveyand are accurate to typically 35 km/s.
|A catalog of morphological types in 55 rich clusters of galaxies|
Data are presented from a study of 55 rich clusters of galaxies. Thedata include positions, morphological types, estimated total magnitudes,bulge sizes, and ellipticities for about 6000 galaxies, as determinedfrom high scale photographic plates. Data reduction procedures aredescribed, and a brief analysis of cluster richness, which indicatesthat Abell richness classes are only rough indicators of total clustermembership, is included.
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