|The UZC-SSRS2 Group Catalog|
We apply a friends-of-friends algorithm to the combined Updated ZwickyCatalog and Southern Sky Redshift Survey to construct a catalog of 1168groups of galaxies; 411 of these groups have five or more members withinthe redshift survey. The group catalog covers 4.69 sr, and all groupsexceed the number density contrast threshold, δρ/ρ=80. Wedemonstrate that the groups catalog is homogeneous across the twounderlying redshift surveys; the catalog of groups and their membersthus provides a basis for other statistical studies of the large-scaledistribution of groups and their physical properties. The medianphysical properties of the groups are similar to those for groupsderived from independent surveys, including the ESO Key Programme andthe Las Campanas Redshift Survey. We include tables of groups and theirmembers.
|Arcsecond Positions of UGC Galaxies|
We present accurate B1950 and J2000 positions for all confirmed galaxiesin the Uppsala General Catalog (UGC). The positions were measuredvisually from Digitized Sky Survey images with rms uncertaintiesσ<=[(1.2")2+(θ/100)2]1/2,where θ is the major-axis diameter. We compared each galaxymeasured with the original UGC description to ensure high reliability.The full position list is available in the electronic version only.
|On the local radio luminosity function of galaxies. II. Environmental dependences among late-type galaxies|
Using new extensive radio continuum surveys at 1.4 GHz (FIRST and NVSS),we derive the distribution of the radio/optical and radio/NIR luminosity(RLF) of late-type (Sa-Irr) galaxies (m_p<15.7) in 5 nearby clustersof galaxies: A262, Cancer, A1367, Coma and Virgo. With the aim ofdiscussing possible environmental dependences of the radio properties,we compare these results with those obtained for relatively isolatedobjects in the Coma supercluster. We find that the RLF of Cancer, A262and Virgo are consistent with that of isolated galaxies. Conversely weconfirm earlier claims that galaxies in A1367 and Coma have their radioemissivity enhanced by a factor ~ 5 with respect to isolated objects. Wediscuss this result in the framework of the dynamical pressure sufferedby galaxies in motion through the intra-cluster gas (ram-pressure). Wefind that the radio excess is statistically larger for galaxies in fasttransit motion. This is coherent with the idea that enhanced radiocontinuum activity is associated with magnetic field compression. TheX-ray luminosities and temperatures of Coma and A1367 imply that thesetwo clusters have significantly larger intracluster gas density than theremaining three studied ones, providing a clue for explaining the higherradio continuum luminosities of their galaxies. Multiple systems in theComa supercluster bridge (with projected separations smaller than 300kpc) have radio luminosities significantly larger than isolatedgalaxies. Table~1 is only available in electronic form at the CDS viaanonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html}
|An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.|
A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect.
|UGC galaxies stronger than 25 mJy at 4.85 GHz|
UGC galaxies in the declination band +5 to +75 deg were identified byposition coincidence with radio sources stronger than 25 mJy on theGreen Bank 4.85 GHz sky maps. Candidate identifications were confirmedor rejected with the aid of published aperture-synthesis maps and new4.86 GHz VLA maps having 15 or 18 arcsec resolution, resulting in asample of 347 nearby radio galaxies plus five new quasar-galaxy pairs.The radio energy sources in UGC galaxies were classified as 'starbursts'or 'monsters' on the basis of their infrared-radio flux ratios, infraredspectral indices, and radio morphologies. The rms scatter in thelogarithmic infrared-radio ratio q is not more than 0.16 for starburstgalaxies selected at 4.85 GHz. Radio spectral indices were obtained fornearly all of the UGC galaxies, and S0 galaxies account for adisproportionate share of the compact flat-spectrum (alpha less than0.5) radio sources. The extended radio jets and lobes produced bymonsters are preferentially, but not exclusively, aligned within about30 deg of the optical minor axes of their host galaxies. The tendencytoward minor-axis ejection appears to be independent of radio-sourcesize and is strongest for elliptical galaxies.
|Groups of galaxies in the Center for Astrophysics redshift survey|
By applying the Huchra and Geller (1982) objective group identificationalgorithm to the Center for Astrophysics' redshift survey, a catalog of128 groups with three or more members is extracted, and 92 of these areused as a statistical sample. A comparison of the distribution of groupcenters with the distribution of all galaxies in the survey indicatesqualitatively that groups trace the large-scale structure of the region.The physical properties of groups may be related to the details oflarge-scale structure, and it is concluded that differences among groupcatalogs may be due to the properties of large-scale structures andtheir location relative to the survey limits.
|Isophotal twisting in isolated elliptical galaxies|
Luminosity, ellipticity, and position angle profiles of 43 ellipticalgalaxies selected from the UGC catalog are used to study isophotaltwisting not arising from the intrinsic structure of the object.Isolated galaxies have been chosen to avoid distortions of the isophotesdue to the occurrence of tidal effects of photometric overlapping withclose companions. It is demonstrated that isophotal twisting occurs inisolated galaxies with about the same frequency as for objects inrandomly selected samples. Objects having luminosity profiles close tothe exp 1/4 law show no twist of the isophotes within the errors,whereas any degree of twist is allowed when more complex luminosityprofiles are observed.
|Radio-continuum survey of the Coma/A1367 supercluster. IV - 1.4 GHz observations of CGCG galaxies|
1.4 GHz radio-continuum observations of 148 CGCG galaxies in the Comasupercluster region were obtained with the VLA in C array configuration.Comparison with previous measurements at 0.6 GHz leads to an averagespectral index of 0.8. The structures of 29 galaxies in this regiondetermined with high-resolution VLA (A array) observations arepresented.
|Radio continuum survey of the Coma/A1367 supercluster. II - 1.5 GHz observations of 396 CGCG galaxies|
1.5 GHz VLA radio continuum observations of 396 relatively isolated CGCGgalaxies in the Coma/A1367 supercluster yielded the detection of 95objects. These observations, added to the ones presented in previouspapers, form a complete sample of optically selected objects with m(p)equal to or less than 15.3. Two wide-angle-tailed sources have beenfound in smaller groups within the supercluster.
|Structure of superclusters and superclusters formation. IV Spatial distribution of clusters of galaxies in the Coma supercluster and its large-scale environment|
The Coma-A1367 Supercluster and its large-scale environment areinvestigated. The Zwicky et al. (1961-68) clusters are used assupercluster tracers; superclusters are defined not by visual impressionbut on the basis of cluster analysis. Attention is restricted to an areaof the sky where RA is between 9h and 15h, with Dec. greater than -3deg. Clustering analysis is applied to study the spatial distribution.At neighborhood radii R = 15-25 Mpc (for Hubble constant H = 50 km per sper Mpc), the clusters form chains and superclusters of galaxies. It isnoted that at R = 26-28 Mpc, superclusters merge to a single connectednetwork. Cluster chains link the Coma-A1367 Supercluster with the LocalSupercluster, A779, and Hercules Superclusters. The Coma-A1367Supercluster comprises four cluster chains, and its diameter is greaterthan 100 Mpc. It is noted that a typical cluster chain has eight Zwickyclusters and is 80 Mpc in length. Most, if not all, of the clusters formconnected systems. Empty regions devoid of clusters have diameters up to100 Mpc in this region of the sky. The morphology distribution of brightgalaxies and the mean absolute magnitude of first ranked galaxies inZwicky clusters are found to be similar to the respective quantities inAbell clusters.
|A survey of galaxy redshifts. IV - The data|
The complete list of the best available radial velocities for the 2401galaxies in the merged Zwicky-Nilson catalog brighter than 14.5mz and with b (II) above +40 deg or below -30 deg ispresented. Almost 60 percent of the redshifts are from the CfA surveyand are accurate to typically 35 km/s.
|Radio observations of early-type galaxies|
A complete sample of 34 nearby early-type galaxies, based on the Arecibosurvey by Dressel and Condon (1978) of objects from the Uppsala GeneralCatalogue, has now been mapped at radio frequencies. New data arepresented for 23 galaxies in the sample, and references are given topublished maps of the remainder. The majority of the sources show strongjet-like structures, but others remain unresolved. These latter occurprimarily in galaxies classed as S0 in the UGC. A strong correlationbetween radio luminosity and size has been found with log P (2.7 GHz)between 23.0 and 25.0. This correlation is in the sense that weaksources are confined within the optical extent of their parent galaxies,whereas strong sources generally attain large sizes. A tentativeexplanation of this tendency is offered in terms of the flowinstabilities in beams of energetic particles passing through densemedia.
|Neutral hydrogen in elliptical galaxies with nuclear radio sources and optical emission lines|
(Previously announced in STAR as N82-22136)
|Radial velocities of galaxies detected in the Arecibo 2380 MHz survey|
The Loiano telescope's image tube spectrograph was used to obtain thepreviously unknown radial velocities of 50 galaxies detected during theArecibo 2380 MHz survey of bright galaxies, leading to the determinationof 224 radio-detected galaxy redshifts north of 15 deg. Both a 100km/sec typical standard error and minus 60 plus or minus 20 km/secsystematic zero error are derived for the velocities presented, on thebasis of comparisons with other redshift sources made on a furthersample of 35 galaxies.
|Very-long-baseline interferometry of compact sources in bright galaxies|
Thirty-one optically bright galaxies with compact radio nuclei have beenobserved with a 20-million-wavelength baseline at 2380 MHz. Thirteennuclei have been detected, with angular sizes smaller than 0.01 arcsec.Twelve of the detected nuclei have flat spectra and are about 1 pc, orsmaller, in size. This confirms the continuity of properties from theradio nuclei of strong radio galaxies to the less-luminous nuclei ofnearby bright galaxies.
|Compact radio sources in and near bright galaxies|
Compact radio sources in galaxies stronger than 35 mJy at 2380 MHz fromthe Arecibo survey of galaxies brighter than a photographic magnitude of+14.5 have been detected and observed at 2695 and 8085 MHz with the NRAOthree-element interferometer. Accurate radio and optical positions showthat all compact radio sources identifiable with these galaxies arelocated in their nuclei. Five new BSO (blue stellar object)/galaxy pairswere discovered, and the BSO 0241 +011 lies in a spiral arm of thegalaxy U02210 = N1073. The number of BSO/galaxy pairs is compatible withrandom projection of cosmological QSOs onto bright galaxy fields. Mostof the nuclear compact sources, and nearly all of those with flatspectra, are found in E or S0 galaxies. Early Hubble subtypes arefavored in spiral galaxies with compact radio sources, and there is astrong tendency for them to occur in paired galaxies. These observationsare interpreted in terms of accretion by massive black holes in galacticnuclei.