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|Galaxy coordinates. II. Accurate equatorial coordinates for 17298 galaxies|
Using images of the Digitized Sky Survey we measured coodinates for17298 galaxies having poorly defined coordinates. As a control, wemeasured with the same method 1522 galaxies having accurate coordinates.The comparison with our own measurements shows that the accuracy of themethod is about 6 arcsec on each axis (RA and DEC).
|The kinematics of the Virgo cluster revisited|
The paper updates the velocity data of Virgo cluster galaxies andreconsiders the kinematic structure of the Virgo cluster. New velocitiesare given for 144 galaxies listed in the Virgo Cluster Catalog (VCC).Improved velocities are given for another 131 VCC galaxies. The Virgocluster is disentangled from its surrounding clouds of galaxies, and thelikely members of each of these clouds are listed. The velocitydistribution of dwarf elliptical cluster members is found to be highlyasymmetric. This phenomenon is interpreted as evidence for the imminentmerging of two subclusters in the core region, which points to thedynamical youth of the Virgo cluster. The mean heliocentric velocity ofthe Virgo cluster is estimated at 1050 +/- 35 km/s.
|Cosmology of the Local Group|
The Local Group (LG) is described in an overview of its properties,components, and use in the study of dark galaxy dynamics and the darkmatter gravitational components. The members of the LG are describedemphasizing the dominant M31 and M33 spiral galaxies and the faintellipticals that surround the Milky Way. The LG is argued to serve as agood foundation for studying the distribution of galactic light and masswith attention given to the work of Oort, Gilmore et al., and Zwicky.Star formation can be studied by means of evaluating the tidalinteractions between the Magellanic Clouds and the Milky Way. Dwarfobjects exist in the LG with very high mass/light ratios giving evidenceof dark matter in galaxies, and more evidence is provided by therotation curves of spirals. The LG is shown to be a good observationallaboratory for testing most aspects of theoretical cosmology.
|The manifold of early-type galaxies from IR photometry in clusters of galaxies - The Virgo cluster|
Galaxies of all morphological types members of the Virgo cluster arestudied using accurate near infrared JHK photometry. Color magnitude(J-H), (H-K), (J-K), and (V-K) vs. KT diagrams areestablished for the galaxies with measured diameters. The (J-K) and(V-K) vs. KT show a color-luminosity relationship. TheL-sigma and L-sigma-Ie relationships are investigated for IR wavelengthsand compared with similar relationships in other bands. It is found thatthe L varies as sigma exp n relationship presents systematic slopevariations that depend on the wavelength of the photometric bandpassfrom which n is inferred, the power n increasing toward longerwavelengths. The relationship for the Virgo galaxies with log sigmagreater than 2.0 shows a significantly smaller value of the velocitydispersion exponent for both the optical and IR bands, as compared withthe corresponding values found in Coma.
|A VLA 20 CM survey of poor groups of galaxies|
The paper reports on VLA 20 cm observations of an extensive sample ofgalaxies in 139 poor groups. These groups, composed of galaxies down tothe limit of the Zwicky et al. (CGCG) catalog, were chosen using apercolation algorithm set at a high surface-density threshold.Approximately 50 percent of the groups have measured redshifts. Thesegroups were surveyed using a 'snapshot' mode of the VLA with aresolution of about 13 arcsec. Analysis of the resulting radio andoptical properties reveals that the presence of a nearby companiongalaxy has an important role in generating radio emission in a galaxy.CCD observations of two radio-loud, disturbed galaxies with companionsare presented and are used to discuss models of radio-source production.Nine tailed radio galaxies are found in the poor groups, which is muchmore than had been expected from previous work on rich clusters and fromtheoretical models. The paper discusses previous statistical biases andproposes a method for bending head-tail sources in poor groups. From theconfinement of extended radio features associated with tailed sources,the presence of a substantial intracluster medium that should radiatesignificantly at soft-X-ray energies is predicted.
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