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|Star Formation in H I-selected Galaxies. II. H II Region Properties|
A sample of 69 galaxies with radial velocities less than 2500 kms-1 was selected from the H I Parkes All Sky Survey (HIPASS)to deduce details about star formation in nearby disk galaxies selectedwith no bias to optical surface brightness selection effects. Broadband(B and R) and narrowband (Hα) images were obtained for all ofthese objects. More than half of the sample galaxies are late-type,dwarf disks (mostly Sc and Sm galaxies). We have measured the propertiesof the H II regions on Hα continuum-subtracted images, using theHIIphot package developed by Thilker et al. All but one of the galaxiescontained at least one detectable H II region. Examination of theproperties of the H II regions in each galaxy revealed that thebrightest regions in higher surface brightness galaxies tend to be moreluminous than those in lower surface brightness galaxies. A higherfraction (referred to as the diffuse fraction) of the Hα emissionfrom lower surface brightness galaxies comes from diffuse ionized gas. HII region luminosity functions (LFs) co-added according to surfacebrightness show that the shapes of the LFs for the lowest surfacebrightness galaxies are different from those for typical spiralgalaxies. This discrepancy could be caused by the lowest surfacebrightness galaxies having somewhat episodic star formation or by themforming a relatively larger fraction of their stars outside of dense,massive molecular clouds. In general, the results imply that theconditions under which star formation occurs in lower surface brightnessgalaxies are different than in more typical, higher surface brightnessspiral galaxies.
|HIPASS Detection of an Intergalactic Gas Cloud in the NGC 2442 Group|
We report the discovery from the H I Parkes All-Sky Survey (HIPASS) of agas cloud associated with the asymmetric spiral galaxy NGC 2442. Thisobject, designated HIPASS J0731-69, contains ~109Msolar of H I, or nearly one-third as much atomic gas as NGC2442 itself. No optical counterpart to any part of HIPASS J0731-69 hasyet been identified, consistent with the gas being diffuse and itsstreamlike kinematics. If the gas in HIPASS J0731-69 was once part ofNGC 2442, then it was most likely a fairly recent tidal encounter with amoderately massive companion that tore it loose, although thepossibility of ram-pressure stripping cannot be ruled out. Thisdiscovery highlights the potential of the HIPASS data for yielding newclues to the nature of some of the best-known galaxies in the localuniverse.
|Dust in spiral galaxies, 2|
We have mapped 32 non-active spirals at 1300 micrometers and measured 7of them at 450 and 800 micrometers. We determine gas masses, dusttemperatures and IR luminosities. From a detailed analysis we find: (1)The spatial extent of the cold dust is comparable to the optical size ofthe galaxies. About 70% of the mass is contained within half the opticalradius; there the gas surface density decreases inversely proportionalto the galactocentric radius. (2) The new submm data set limits on thedecomposition of the FIR spectra into dust components of differenttemperatures. The flux ratios of 450 to 1300 micrometers suggest twokinds of nonactive spirals: those with S450micrometers/S1300 micrometers approximately equal to40, like the Milky Way, where the coldest dust is approximately 20K andaccounts for most of the emission between 100 and 1300 micrometers; onthe other hand, there are galaxies with S450micrometers/S1300 micrometers approximately 20 whichimplies that most of the interstellar dust is extremely cold(approximately 10 K). (3) The ratio of infrared luminosity to gas mass,LIR/Mgas, equals 5 +/- 2 in solar units. Foractive galaxies from the Markarian catalog this ratio is 20 timeslarger. Therefore LIR/Mgas gives a clear signaturefor the activity stage.
|Mean galaxy luminosity classifications|
To prepare a catalog of weighted means on the classification system ofvan den Bergh, we have combined eight independent lists of luminosityclass estimates, L. Luminosity class values from each set weretransformed to the standard system and weighted according to the errorsderived through a statistical comparison of L differences betweencatalog pairs. Relations were derived for predicting accidental errorsassociated with galaxy diameter and inclination. In addition, we presentformulas for correcting systematic errors associated with diameter andinclination. Finally, we tabulate a high weight subsample of the meanluminosity classes usable as standards. Most values are tabulated in theThird Reference Catalog of Bright Galaxies.
|Southern Galaxy Catalogue.|
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