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|Astrophysical parameters of Galactic open clusters|
We present a catalogue of astrophysical data for 520 Galactic openclusters. These are the clusters for which at least three most probablemembers (18 on average) could be identified in the ASCC-2.5, a catalogueof stars based on the Tycho-2 observations from the Hipparcos mission.We applied homogeneous methods and algorithms to determine angular sizesof cluster cores and coronae, heliocentric distances, mean propermotions, mean radial velocities, and ages. For the first time we derivedistances for 200 clusters, radial velocities for 94 clusters, and agesof 196 clusters. This homogeneous new parameter set is compared withearlier determinations, where we find, in particular, that the angularsizes were systematically underestimated in the literature.
|Observations of Star-Forming Regions with the Midcourse Space Experiment|
We have imaged seven nearby star-forming regions, the Rosette Nebula,the Orion Nebula, W3, the Pleiades, G300.2-16.8, S263, and G159.6-18.5,with the Spatial Infrared Imaging Telescope on the Midcourse SpaceExperiment (MSX) satellite at 18" resolution at 8.3, 12.1, 14.7, and21.3 μm. The large angular scale of the regions imaged (~7.2-50deg2) makes these data unique in terms of the combination ofsize and resolution. In addition to the star-forming regions, twocirrus-free fields (MSXBG 160 and MSXBG 161) and a field near the southGalactic pole (MSXBG 239) were also imaged. Point sources have beenextracted from each region, resulting in the identification over 500 newsources (i.e., no identified counterparts at other wavelengths), as wellas over 1300 with prior identifications. The extended emission from thestar-forming regions is described, and prominent structures areidentified, particularly in W3 and Orion. The Rosette Nebula isdiscussed in detail. The bulk of the mid-infrared emission is consistentwith that of photon-dominated regions, including the elephant trunkcomplex. The central clump, however, and a line of site toward thenorthern edge of the cavity show significantly redder colors than therest of the Rosette complex.
|Determination of proper motions and membership of the open clusters NGC 1817 and NGC 1807|
Relative proper motions, their corresponding observed errors andmembership probabilities of 722 stars in the old open cluster NGC 1817region are determined from PDS measurements of 12 plate pairs. Theplates have the maximum epoch difference of 81 years and were taken withthe double astrograph at Zǒ-Sè station of ShanghaiObservatory, which has an aperture of 40 cm, a focal length of 6.9 m anda plate scale of 30''/mm. The average proper motion accuracy is 1.6mas/yr. These proper motions are used to determine the membershipprobabilities of stars in the region. The existence of two clusters inthe region (NGC 1817, NGC 1807) is discussed. The number of stars withmembership probability higher than 0.7 is 416 for NGC 1817 and 14 forNGC 1807. Table 5 is only available in electronic form from CDS viaanonymous ftp 188.8.131.52, and by e-mail request firstname.lastname@example.org
|A new CO survey of the Monoceros OB1 region.|
A new, fully sampled, sensitive CO survey of 52.5 square degrees towardsthe Monoceros OB1 (Mon OB1) region has been completed using the CfA 1.2m millimeter-wave radio telescope. This survey extends from b=-1.5°to b=+3.5° and from l=196.0° to l=206.5° on a uniformlyspaced grid of 3.75' in l and b, and has substantially bettersensitivity than previous surveys of the region. CO is detected in 80%of the area, 60% of which is weak with integrated intensities less than5K.km/s. The large-scale kinematics are dominated by the Perseus andLocal spiral arms. Within the Local arm the molecular gas appears tohave been strongly influenced by supernova remnants and expanding HIIregions with the strongest emission at velocities ranging from -17 to+10km/s, and a total mass of 1.3x10^5^Msun_. Weak CO emissionfrom Perseus arm clouds shows that they have a mean kinematic distanceof 3.5kpc and are comparable in size and mass to local molecular clouds.The coincident positions of colour selected IRAS point sources indicatesthat these distant clouds are undergoing massive star formation.
|The young open clusters NGC 2244 and NGC 2264|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1991RMxAA..22...99P&db_key=AST
|Stellar populations and star formation in irregular galaxies|
A review and intercomparison is conducted of data on variousmorphologically-chosen groups of irregular galaxies in order tounderstand the underlying physical mechanisms that differentiate thesesystems. Particular attention is given to the observational clues to thestellar content, star-formation processes, and star-formation historiesof these galaxies, with an emphasis on the uncertainties and the manyunanswered questions.
|Proper motion studies of stars in and around open clusters|
A compilation of proper motion studies of stars in and around openclusters is presented. It can serve as a reference to cluster memberselections, studies of cluster dynamics, or as a guide to furtherimprovement of the data presently available. The present paper is only apreliminary version.
|TW Horologii and NGC 1252 - A rebuttal|
The Bouchet and The(1983) suggestion that the carbon variable TW Hor isa member of the open cluster NGC 1252 is questioned on the basis of CapeZone Catalog data for the ten stars observed by them. The most probablemembership for the variable is presently held to be in the HyadesSupercluster, and a distance modulus of 7.7 mag is given. Bouchet andThe's derived distance of 500 parsecs would place NGC 1252 400 pc abovethe galactic plane, which is higher than might be expected for what theyregard as a young disk cluster.
|Untersuchungen uber die Eigenbewegungen von Sternhaufen VII,|
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