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|Circumnuclear star-forming activities along the Hubble sequence|
In order to study circumnuclear star-forming activity along the Hubblesequence, we cross-correlated the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release2 (SDSS DR2) with the Third Reference Catalog of Bright Galaxies (RC3)to derive a large sample of 1015 galaxies with both morphological andspectral information. Among these, 385 sources are classified asstar-forming galaxies, and the SDSS fibre covered the circumnuclearregions (0.2-2.0 kpc). By using the spectral synthesis method to removethe contribution from the underlying old stellar population, we measuredthe emission lines fluxes accurately, which are then used to estimatethe star-formation rates(SFRs). Our main findings are: (1) early-typespirals show much higher Hα luminosities, and hence higher SFRs,and also suffer more extinctions than late-type ones. The equivalentwidths (EWs) of Hα emission lines show a similar trend; however,the very late types (Sdm ~ Irr) do have large fractions of high EWs; (2)we confirm that D_n(4000) shows a strong correlation with the strengthsof metallic absorption lines (such as CN band, G band, and Mg Ib). Boththese lines and the Balmer absorption lines show interesting variationsbetween Sbc and Sd type galaxies; (3) the bar structure tightly relatesto the enhanced star formation activity, an effect that is even moresignificant in the early-type spirals. But we should note that the barstructure is not a necessary or sufficient condition for galaxies toharbor circumnuclear star formations.
|Arcsecond Positions of UGC Galaxies|
We present accurate B1950 and J2000 positions for all confirmed galaxiesin the Uppsala General Catalog (UGC). The positions were measuredvisually from Digitized Sky Survey images with rms uncertaintiesσ<=[(1.2")2+(θ/100)2]1/2,where θ is the major-axis diameter. We compared each galaxymeasured with the original UGC description to ensure high reliability.The full position list is available in the electronic version only.
|An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.|
A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect.
|The distribution of galaxies around NGC 5846|
The present study investigates the 3D distribution of galaxies in aregion surrounding the chain of galaxies in the NGC 5846 group bysubjective and objective tests for clustering. The results of anautomated search, in which a percolation algorithm is applied to aredshift sample complete in magnitude not greater than 14.9, arecompared with those of the subjective impressions. At a number densityenhancement of 20 over the mean background, eight large groups whichwere not affected by incompleteness at very low declinations areidentified. Four of these groups - the Virgo II cloud, the NGC 5846group, and groups 139 and 148 from the list of GH - are nearby. VirgoIII is loose and irregular whereas NGC 5846 is dense and symmetric. Theother two groups are small compact clumps. The conclusions are inagreement with a study by Tully (1982) that these four nearby groupsform a prolate cloud with an overall density contrast over the mean ofabout 10, and that this cloud lies out of the supergalactic plane andpoints toward the Virgo cluster.
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