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|Arcsecond Positions of UGC Galaxies|
We present accurate B1950 and J2000 positions for all confirmed galaxiesin the Uppsala General Catalog (UGC). The positions were measuredvisually from Digitized Sky Survey images with rms uncertaintiesσ<=[(1.2")2+(θ/100)2]1/2,where θ is the major-axis diameter. We compared each galaxymeasured with the original UGC description to ensure high reliability.The full position list is available in the electronic version only.
|Peculiar Velocities for Galaxies in the Great Wall.II.Analysis|
We analyze the peculiar velocity field in the vicinity of the Great Wall(GW) using a sample of 172 spiral galaxies with reliable IRTF distanceestimates (Dell'Antonio et al. 1996). We examine three main issues: (1)the infall onto the GW, (2) large-scale flow, and (3) shear. We use aMonte Carlo method to remove selection-based biases from the peculiarvelocity sample. For the GW sample, the velocity bias is small (<150km s^-1^). We use the bias-corrected velocities to constrain the infalltowards the Great Wall. We thus have the first limits on the truespatial thickness of this structure. The data are best fit by an infallvelocity <= 150 km s^-1^. The 90% upper limit on the mean infallvelocity is ~500 km s^-1^. Consequently, the upper limit on thereal-space full width of the GW is d<11.2h^-1^ Mpc. Thus, the GreatWall is a thin, two- dimensional structure in real space as well as inredshift space. We calculate the best-fit estimate of the motion of theLocal Group with respect to the galaxy distribution: ν_flow_ ~725+/-400 km s^-1^ towards a 11.7 +/- 1.5 hr, δ =36.8deg^+/-55^deg^. Because our δ constraints are quiteweak, this flow is consistent with the CMB dipole (Smoot et al. 1992)and with the flow vector of Riess et al. (1995). The data are alsoconsistent at the 25% confidence level with the direction of large-scaleflow reported by Lauer & Postman (1994). We calculate theimprovement in sensitivity expected for a sample extending over the fulldeclination range of the GW. We also calculate the shear across theright ascension range of the GW. The GW region is quiet: the detectedthe shear across the range of the GW is -70+/-210 km s^-1^. The absenceof large shear constrains the amplitude of large-scale densityfluctuations (Feldman & Watkins 1995).
|An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.|
A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect.
|21 centimeter study of spiral galaxies in the Coma supercluster. II - Evidence for ongoing gas stripping in five cluster galaxies|
High-sensitivity 21 cm observations of 73 galaxies in the Comasupercluster are presented. Seventeen new redshifts are reported. Threegalaxies in A1367 and two in the Coma Cluster are found with remarkablyasymmetrical H I spectra indicating uneven gas distribution in theirdisks. This unstable configuration is interpreted as being due toongoing dynamical gas stripping taking place on time scales shorter thanthose required for differential rotation to redistribute the gas, i.e.,a few times 100 million yr. This suggests that spiral galaxies arecontinuously supplied to the clusters from the surrounding supercluster.
|Rotation and mass of 21 isolated galaxies|
Spectrograms of 21 isolated galaxies from the catalog of Karachentseva(1973) obtained during 1977-1981 with the 6-m telescope of the SpecialAstrophysical Observatory at Nizhni Arkhyz and reported by Karachentsevaand Karachentsev (1979 and 1981) are used to determine the rotationcurves and estimate the masses. The results are presented in tables andgraphs along with Palomar Sky Survey photographs of the galaxies. Therotation curve is found to be flat in 19 of the 21 galaxies, and themean mass/luminosity ratio is calculated as 7.0 + or - 1.1 (using themass within the 25-mag/sq arcsec isophote and the integrated light insolar units).
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