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|A Dynamical Study of Galaxies in the Hickson Compact Groups|
To investigate dynamical properties of spiral galaxies in the Hicksoncompact groups (HCGs), we present rotation curves of 30 galaxies in 20HCGs. We found as follows: (1) There is no significant relation betweendynamical peculiarity and morphological peculiarity in HCG spiralgalaxies. (2) There is no significant relation between the dynamicalproperties and the frequency distribution of nuclear activities in HCGspiral galaxies. (3) There are no significant correlations between thedynamical properties of HCG spiral galaxies and any group properties(i.e., size, velocity dispersion, galaxy number density, and crossingtime). (4) Asymmetric and peculiar rotation curves are more frequentlyseen in the HCG spiral galaxies than in field spiral galaxies or incluster ones. However, this tendency is more obviously seen in late-typeHCG spiral galaxies. These results suggest that the dynamical propertiesof HCG spiral galaxies do not strongly correlate with the morphology,the nuclear activity, and the group properties. Our results also suggestthat more frequent galaxy collisions occur in the HCGs than in the fieldand in the clusters.
|The intra-cluster medium influence on spiral galaxies|
We made a detailed analysis of the sample of 39 cluster spiral galaxiesof various types observed at Hα wavelength by Amram et al. (1992to 1996), with a scanning Fabry-Perot. We plotted the outer gradient oftheir rotation curves as a function of the deprojected cluster-centricdistance. The rotation curves of late type galaxies markedly rise farfrom the cluster center. This suggests evolutionary effects, since earlytypes show no special trend. We suggest that the evolution processwithin a cluster leads late type galaxies to exhibit flatter curves whenthey get closer to the center, on their way to evolving into early typegalaxies.
|A catalogue of spatially resolved kinematics of galaxies: Bibliography|
We present a catalogue of galaxies for which spatially resolved data ontheir internal kinematics have been published; there is no a priorirestriction regarding their morphological type. The catalogue lists thereferences to the articles where the data are published, as well as acoded description of these data: observed emission or absorption lines,velocity or velocity dispersion, radial profile or 2D field, positionangle. Tables 1, 2, and 3 are proposed in electronic form only, and areavailable from the CDS, via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (to126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/Abstract.html
|The Catalog of Southern Ringed Galaxies|
The Catalog of Southern Ringed Galaxies (CSRG) is a comprehensivecompilation of diameters, axis ratios, relative bar position angles, andmorphologies of inner and outer rings, pseudorings, and lenses in 3692galaxies south of declination -17 deg. The purpose of the catalog is toevaluate the idea that these ring phenomena are related to orbitalresonances with a bar or oval in galaxy potentials. The catalog is basedon visual inspection of most of the 606 fields of the Science ResearchCouncil (SRC) IIIa-J southern sky survey, with the ESO-B, ESO-R, andPalomar Sky surveys used as auxiliaries when needed for overexposed coreregions. The catalog is most complete for SRC fields 1-303 (mostly southof declination -42 deg). In addition to ringed galaxies, a list of 859mostly nonringed galaxies intended for comparison with other catalogs isprovided. Other findings from the CSRG that are not based on statisticsare the identification of intrinsic bar/ring misalignment; bars whichunderfill inner rings; dimpling of R'1pseudorings; pointy, rectangular, or hexagonal inner or outer ringshapes; a peculiar polar-ring-related system; and other extreme examplesof spiral structure and ring morphology.
|Hα velocity fields and rotation curves of galaxies in clusters. III. Nine galaxies in DC 1842-63.|
Hα maps (continuum and line), velocity contour maps and rotationcurves are presented for 9 galaxies in the Southern cluster DC 1842-63.These data have been obtained from two-dimensional Hα observationsat the 3.60-m ESO Telescope equipped with CIGALE, a scanning Fabry-Perotinterferometer. They complete the set of 36 galaxies already observedwith the same kind of instrumentation at CFHT (Amram et al. 1992, 1994).
|Dynamics of clusters of galaxies with central dominant galaxies. I - Galaxy redshifts|
Optical redshifts are presented for a sample of 638 galaxies in thefields of the clusters Abell 85, DC 0107-46, Abell 496, Abell 2052, andDC 1842-63. The velocity histograms and wedge diagrams show evidence fora foreground sheet of galaxies in Abell 85 and background sheets ofgalaxies in DC 0107-46 and Abell 2052. The foreground group projectedagainst the center of Abell 85 found by Beers et al. (1991) isconfirmed. No evidence of substructure was found in Abell 496, Abell2052, and DC 1842-63. The clusters have global velocity dispersionsranging from 551 km/s for DC 1842-63 to 714 km/s for A496, and flatdispersion profiles. Mass estimates using the virial theorem and theprojected mass method range from 2.3 x 10 exp 14 solar masses for DC0107-46 to 1.1 x 10 exp 15 solar masses for A85.
|Kinematical observations of ordinary spiral galaxies - A bibliographical compilation|
Data extracted from 280 papers reporting observations of the kinematicsof 245 nonbarred spiral galaxies are presented. Information is providedon the type of observations (instruments, spectral lines used, etc.) andthe derived geometrical and kinematical parameters of the galaxies(major axis position angle, inclination, heliocentric systemic velocity,maximum extension of the kinematical measurements, etc.). In addition,whenever possible, a 'mean' rotation curve has been considered, fromwhich the maximum rotational velocity of the galaxy and a parameterdescribing the essential shape of the rotation curve within r25 havebeen derived. Histograms illustrating the distribution of morphologicaltypes, inclinations, extensions of the kinematical measurements, andmaximum rotational velocities account for the statistical properties ofthis sample of spiral galaxies.
|Multicolour photometry of the cluster of galaxies Sersic 129-01|
Photometry is presented of 907 galaxies brighter that b(26.25) = 20.5 ina 1.83 x 1.83 deg area centered on the southern cluster Sersic 129-01 inthe u, b, r and i bands. The slopes and zero-points of thecolor-absolute magnitude diagrams agree well with other clustersincluding Coma and the rich cluster Shapley 8 suggesting they areindependent of cluster environment. The (u-b) against (b-i) diagramdistinguishes well between morphological types. The reddening obtainedby a number of methods disagrees with that of Griersmith (1982). A massof 7.4 x 10 to the 13th solar masses is found for the ellipticaldominated component of the cluster and (M/L)b = 59.
|Photometric properties of galaxies in the cluster DC 1842-63|
Results are presented from photometric and kinematic observations of thecluster DC 1842-63, including total magnitudes for 174 galaxies, surfacephotometry and bulge-to-disk ratios for 31 galaxies, and redshiftsmeasurements for 20 galaxies. The mean cluster velocity is found to be4437 + or - 78 km/s with a cluster velocity dispersion of 507 km/s. TheX-ray luminosity of the cluster is shown to be 3.0 X 10 to the 43rderg/s in the 0.5 and 4.5 keV band.
|Rotation curves for spiral galaxies in clusters. II - Variations as a function of cluster position|
Inner and outer velocity gradients, residuals from synthetic rotationcurves for field spirals, and M/L gradients are used to study therotation curves of spiral galaxies. A good correlation is found betweenthe outer gradient of the rotation curve and the galaxy's distance fromthe cluster center, with a similar effect noted in the residuals betweenthe observed and synthetic rotation curves. A correlation is also shownto exist between the M/L gradient across a galaxy and the galaxy'sposition in the cluster. The results suggest that the inner clusterenvironment may strip away some fraction of the mass in the outer haloof a spiral galaxy or may not allow the halo to form.
|Rotation curves for spiral galaxies in clusters. I - Data, global properties, and a comparison with field galaxies|
Rotational velocities have been obtained for 21 galaxies in the largespiral-rich clusters Cancer, Hercules, Peg I, and DC 1842-63. It isnoted that the larger, brighter, more massive spirals which are rare inthe field are absent in the cluster spirals. Falling rotation curveshave been found. The amplitudes of the rotation curves for the nine Saand Sb galaxies considered are shown to be lower than those of theirfield counterparts. The results indicate that galaxies which are H Ideficient have rotation curves which are most depressed in comparisonwith field spirals of equivalent Hubble type and luminosity.
|Is the distribution of mass within spiral galaxies a function of galaxy environment?|
Rotation curves have been derived for 20 spiral galaxies that are knownto be members of large clusters. The forms of mass distributions forthese galaxies are compared to those previously determined for 60relatively isolated spiral galaxies. Hubble types Sa, Sb, and Sc areequally represented in field and cluster samples. Yet, cluster galaxieshave statistically different forms of rotation curves, and hencedifferent forms of mass distributions, than field galaxies. Indeed, theevidence suggests that the form of mass distribution for a spiral galaxyis more a function of environment than of Hubble type.
|A catalog of morphological types in 55 rich clusters of galaxies|
Data are presented from a study of 55 rich clusters of galaxies. Thedata include positions, morphological types, estimated total magnitudes,bulge sizes, and ellipticities for about 6000 galaxies, as determinedfrom high scale photographic plates. Data reduction procedures aredescribed, and a brief analysis of cluster richness, which indicatesthat Abell richness classes are only rough indicators of total clustermembership, is included.
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