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|The PDS versus Markarian starburst galaxies: comparing strong and weak IRAS emitter at 12 and 25 μm in the nearby Universe|
The characteristics of the starburst galaxies from the Pico dos Diassurvey (PDS) are compared with those of the nearby ultraviolet (UV)bright Markarian starburst galaxies, having the same limit in redshift(vh < 7500 km s-1) and absolute B magnitude(MB < -18). An important difference is found: theMarkarian galaxies are generally undetected at 12 and 25 μm in IRAS.This is consistent with the UV excess shown by these galaxies andsuggests that the youngest star-forming regions dominating thesegalaxies are relatively free of dust.The far-infrared selection criteria for the PDS are shown to introduce astrong bias towards massive (luminous) and large size late-type spiralgalaxies. This is contrary to the Markarian galaxies, which are found tobe remarkably rich in smaller size early-type galaxies. These resultssuggest that only late-type spirals with a large and massive disc arestrong emitters at 12 and 25 μm in IRAS in the nearby Universe.The Markarian and PDS starburst galaxies are shown to share the sameenvironment. This rules out an explanation of the differences observedin terms of external parameters. These differences may be explained byassuming two different levels of evolution, the Markarian being lessevolved than the PDS galaxies. This interpretation is fully consistentwith the disc formation hypothesis proposed by Coziol et al. to explainthe special properties of the Markarian SBNG.
|The FIRST Bright Quasar Survey. II. 60 Nights and 1200 Spectra Later|
We have used the Very Large Array (VLA) FIRST survey and the AutomatedPlate Measuring Facility (APM) catalog of the Palomar Observatory SkySurvey I (POSS-I) plates as the basis for constructing a newradio-selected sample of optically bright quasars. This is the firstradio-selected sample that is competitive in size with current opticallyselected quasar surveys. Using only two basic criteria, radio-opticalpositional coincidence and optical morphology, quasars and BL Lacobjects can be identified with 60% selection efficiency; the efficiencyincreases to 70% for objects fainter than 17 mag. We show that a moresophisticated selection scheme can predict with better than 85%reliability which candidates will turn out to be quasars. This paperpresents the second installment of the FIRST Bright Quasar Survey(FBQS), with a catalog of 636 quasars distributed over 2682deg2. The quasar sample is characterized and all spectra aredisplayed. The FBQS detects both radio-loud and radio-quiet quasars outto redshift z>3. We find a large population of objects ofintermediate radio loudness; there is no evidence in our sample for abimodal distribution of radio characteristics. The sample includes ~29broad absorption line quasars, both high and low ionization, and anumber of new objects with remarkable optical spectra.
|The Supernova Rate in Starburst Galaxies|
We conducted an optical CCD search for supernovae in a sample of 142bright [m(B) <= 16 mag], nearby (z<=0.03) starburst galaxies overthe period 1988 December to 1991 June, to a limiting R-band magnitude of18. Five supernovae were found, in all cases outside the host galaxy'snucleus. We determine supernova rates (in supernova units or SNU) in theextranuclear regions to be 0.7 h^2 SNU for Type Ia, 0.7 h^2 SNU for TypeIb/c, and ~0.6 h^2 SNU for Type II, with large uncertainties but upperlimits of 2.2 h^2, 2.5 h^2, and 1.7 h^2 SNU, respectively. These ratesare similar to those measured in ``normal'' galaxies. We found noevidence for a supernova-induced brightening in any galactic nucleusand, with a few reasonable assumptions, can place upper limits of 9 h^2,12 h^2, and 7 h^2 SNU on the rates of unobscured supernovae Types Ia,Ib/c, and II, respectively, inside the nuclei.
|An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.|
A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect.
|The CfA Redshift Survey: Data for the NGP +36 Zone|
We have assembled redshifts for a complete sample of 719 galaxies withm_zw_ <= 15.5 in the declination range 32.5^deg^ <= δ <=38.5^deg^ and right ascension range 8^h^ <= α <= 17^h^. Wehave determined morphological types for all galaxies in the magnitudelimited sample by direct inspection of the POSS-O plates. 576 of theredshifts are measurements from Mount Hopkins, and 405 are newredshifts. We also include new redshifts for 77 fainter galaxies in thesame strip.
|A multifrequency radio continuum and IRAS faint source survey of markarian galaxies|
Results are presented from a multifrequency radio continumm survey ofMarkarian galaxies (MRKs) and are supplemented by IRAS infrared datafrom the Faint Source Survey. Radio data are presented for 899 MRKsobserved at nu = 4.755 GHz with the National Radio Astronomy Observatory(NRAO)-Green Bank 300 foot (91 m) telescope, including nearly 88% ofthose objects in Markarian lists VI-XIV. In addition, 1.415 GHzmeasurements of 258 MRKs, over 30% of the MRKs accessible from theNational Aeronomy and Ionosphere Center (NAIC)-Arecibo, are reported.Radio continuum observations of smaller numbers of MRKs were made at10.63 GHz and at 23.1 GHz and are also presented. Infrared data from theIRAS Faint Source Survey (Ver. 2) are presented for 944 MRKs, withreasonably secure identifications extracted from the NASA/IPACExtragalactic Database. MRKs exhibit the same canonical infraredcharacteristics as those reported for various other galaxy samples, thatis well-known enhancement of the 25 micrometer/60 micrometer color ratioamong Seyfert MRKs, and a clear tendency for MRKs with warmer 60micrometer/100 micrometer colors to also possess cooler 12 micrometer/25micrometer colors. In addition, non-Seyfert are found to obey thewell-documented infrared/radio luminosity correlation, with the tightestcorrelation seen for starburst MRKs.
|The Case Low-Dispersion Northern Sky Survey. XV. A Region in Ursa Major and Canes Venatici|
Positions, estimated magnitudes, and finding charts (when necessary) areprovided for 228 blue and/or emission-line galaxies, H II regions ingalaxies, 114 unresolved blue and/or emission-line objects, includingQSO candidates, and 47 known and suspected blue stars in a ~148 deg^2^region in southeastern Ursa Major and western Canes Venatici in theregion 11^h^00^m^ < R.A. < 12^h^30^m^ and +38^deg^ < Decl. <+47^deg^ ( 1950). The objects, whose blue magnitudes are mostly withinthe range 15-18, were identified on low-dispersion objective-prismplates taken with the Burrell Schmidt telescope at Kitt Peak.
|Spectral types for objects in the KISO survey. VIII - Data for 144 stars|
The spectral classes of 144 stars found in the Kiso Schmidt Ultravioletexcess survey are given. The observations were made at theMichigan-Dartmouth-MIT Observatory with the Mark III spectrograph andCCD detectors on the 2.4 m Hiltner and 1.3 m McGraw-Hill telescopes. Theoriginal spectra cover approximately the 4100-7200 A spectral range atabout 12 A resolution. Interesting objects found in this part of thesurvey include: 40 subdwarfs, 18 definite DA and 4 DB white dwarfs, and26 QSO and emission-line objects. Some of the more peculiar objects aredescribed in the text.
|Pairing properties of Markarian starburst Galaxies|
The environmental parameters of 516 non-Seyfert Markarian galaxies werestudied in a redshift-bounded sample, supplemented by new spectra andredshift measures for possible companions, in order to evaluate theiroccurrence in galaxy pairs, defined through quantitative criteria. Itwas found that one-third of these galaxies occur in pairs (while only 6to 10 percent of optically-selected galaxies are known to be paired). Acomparison of various optical and IR properties of paired and nonpairedMarkarian galaxies showed no differences in the shape of the optical,far-IR, or H-alpha luminosity functions. It was found, however, that theMarkarian component is brighter than the other galaxy in each pair by0.66 magnitude in the mean at B.
|Far-infrared luminosities of Markarian starburst galaxies. II - Individual galaxies|
IRAS observations of galaxies in the Balzano sample of opticallyselected starburst nuclei and of a comparison of Virgo spiral galaxiesare used to derive far-infrared luminosities. Distances and blue andH-alpha luminosities of the starburst galaxies are also tabulated.
|KISO survey for ultraviolet-excess galaxies. VII|
Presented here are the seventh list and identification charts of theultraviolet-excess galaxies which have been detected on the multi-colorplates taken with the Kisco Schmidt telescope for 10 survey fields. Inthe sky area of some 300 square degrees 425 objects are catalogued downto the photographic magnitude of about 18.
|A catalog of Markarian galaxies|
A catalog of Markarian galaxies is presented which tabulates redshifts,spectral and morphological classifications, magnitudes, infrared andradio flux densities, and over 600 references to available datapublished before January 1, 1986. Redshifts are now available for 1228objects with strong ultraviolet continua, and follow-up spectroscopicand photometric observations of Markarian galaxies have providedclassifications of 115 Seyfert 1, 43 Seyfert 2, and 137 starburst and HII-type galaxies. After a description of the Markarian survey and thecurrent catalog, a summary of the general results obtained from the datais presented. A preliminary study of the infrared properties ofMarkarian galaxies as measured by IRAS reveals a number of interestingresults, including the existence of a sample of elliptical andlenticular galaxies with appreciable infrared emission.
|Star-burst galactic nuclei|
Markarian (1967) has conducted a survey of galaxies having strongultraviolet continua. In connection with this survey, a new group ofgalaxies was discovered which could provide additional insight into thenature and evolution of active galactic nuclei. The optical morphologyof the discovered galaxies is similar to that shown by Seyfert galaxies,with dominant feature often being a bright, starlike nucleus. However,these nuclei do not usually display the broad emission-line spectra socharacteristic of the Seyferts. Their narrow emission features and otherobservable properties can be explained by the presence of a hot, youngstar population. For this reason, these objects have become known asstar-burst nuclei. The nuclear star-burst phenomenon might supplymaterial for gravitational accretion, and, therefore, for thedevelopment of active galaxies. Balzano and Weedman (1981) have studiedthese nuclei as a distinct group. The present investigation representsthe first comprehensive survey.
|A search for ultraviolet-excess objects|
A search for UV-excess objects has been undertaken with the use of the105-cm Schmidt telescope at the Kiso Observatory by means of UGRthree-image method. A general description of the method is given, andpositions, magnitudes, and color indices of detected 588 objectscovering 22 fields (600 square degrees) are listed in this paper. Thebrightness of the objects ranges from 12.5 to 18.5 magnitudes. About 13percent of all are identified with white dwarfs or quasars appeared inthe previous catalogues, and the remainder is left unidentified.
|Radio survey of Markarian galaxies at 6 and 11 CM|
One hundred and fifty-one objects from Markarian's lists 6 and 7 wereobserved at 6 cm with a 3 sigma detection limit of about 30 mJy. EightMarkarian objects were detected, six of which were also observed at 11cm. Forty-five others were negative at this wavelength. Two of thedetections, numbers 533 and 668, are Seyfert galaxies; additionally, UB1was detected at 6 cm and NGC 7715 and III Zw 2 were found at 11 cm.
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