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|The AMIGA sample of isolated galaxies. II. Morphological refinement|
We present a refinement of the optical morphologies for galaxies in theCatalog of Isolated Galaxies that forms the basis of the AMIGA (Analysisof the interstellar Medium of Isolated GAlaxies) project. Uniformreclassification using the digitized POSS II data benefited from thehigh resolution and dynamic range of that sky survey. Comparison withindependent classifications made for an SDSS overlap sample of more than200 galaxies confirms the reliability of the early vs. late-typediscrimination and the accuracy of spiral subtypes within Δ T =1-2. CCD images taken at the Observatorio de Sierra Nevada were alsoused to solve ambiguities in early versus late-type classifications. Aconsiderable number of galaxies in the catalog (n = 193) are flagged forthe presence of nearby companions or signs of distortion likely due tointeraction. This most isolated sample of galaxies in the local Universeis dominated by two populations: 1) 82% are spirals (Sa-Sd) with thebulk being luminous systems with small bulges (63% between types Sb-Sc)and 2) a significant population of early-type E-S0 galaxies (14%). Mostof the types later than Sd are low luminosity galaxies concentrated inthe local supercluster where isolation is difficult to evaluate. Thelate-type spiral majority of the sample spans a luminosity rangeMB-corr = -18 to -22 mag. Few of the E/S0 population are moreluminous than -21.0 marking the absence of the often-sought superL* merger (e.g. fossil elliptical) population. The rarity ofhigh luminosity systems results in a fainter derived M* forthis population compared to the spiral optical luminosity function(OLF). The E-S0 population is from 0.2 to 0.6 mag fainter depending onhow the sample is defined. This marks the AMIGA sample as unique amongsamples that compare early and late-type OLFs separately. In othersamples, which always involve galaxies in higher density environments,M^*_E/S0 is almost always 0.3-0.5 mag brighter than M^*_S, presumablyreflecting a stronger correlation between M* andenvironmental density for early-type galaxies.
|Revised positions for CIG galaxies|
We present revised positions for the 1051 galaxies belonging to theKarachentseva Catalog of Isolated Galaxies (CIG). New positions werecalculated by applying SExtractor to the Digitized Sky Survey CIG fieldswith a spatial resolution of 1 arcsper 2. We visually checked theresults and for 118 galaxies had to recompute the assigned positions dueto complex morphologies (e.g. distorted isophotes, undefined nuclei,knotty galaxies) or the presence of bright stars. We found differencesbetween older and newer positions of up to 38 arcsec with a mean valueof 2 arcsper 96 relative to SIMBAD and up to 38 arcsec and 2 arcsper 42respectively relative to UZC. Based on star positions from the APMcatalog we determined that the DSS astrometry of five CIG fields has amean offset in (alpha , delta ) of (-0 arcsper 90, 0 arcsper 93) with adispersion of 0 arcsper 4. These results have been confirmed using the2MASS All-Sky Catalog of Point Sources. The intrinsic errors of ourmethod combined with the astrometric ones are of the order of 0 arcsper5.Full Table 1 is only available in electronic form at the CDS viaanonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/411/391
|Large-Scale Structure at Low Galactic Latitude|
We have extended the CfA Redshift Survey to low galactic latitudes toinvestigate the relation between the Great Wall in the North GalacticCap and the Perseus-Pisces chain in the South Galactic Cap. We presentredshifts for 2020 galaxies in the Catalogue of Galaxies and of Clustersof Galaxies (Zwicky et al. 1961-68, CGCG) in the following regions: 4^h^<= α <= 8^h^, 17^h^ <= α <= 20^h^, 0^deg^ <=δ <= 45^deg^. In these regions, the redshift catalogue includes1664 galaxies with B(0) <= 15.5 (of which 820 are newly measured) andis 97% complete. We also include redshifts for an additional 356galaxies in these regions with B(O) > 15.5; of these, 148 werepreviously unmeasured. The CGCG samples the galaxy distribution down tob_II_ = 10^deg^. In this paper, we discuss the acquisition and reductionof the spectra, and we examine the qualitative features of the redshiftdistribution. The Great Wall and the Perseus-Pisces chain are not simplyconnected across the Zone of Avoidance. These structures, which at firstappear to be coherent on scales of ~100 h^-1^ Mpc or more, actually formthe boundaries of neighboring voids of considerably smaller scale,approximately 50h^-1^ Mpc. The structures delineated by ouroptically-selected sample are qualitatively similar to those detected bythe far-infrared-selected IRAS 1.2 Jansky Survey (Fisher et al. 1995).Although the IRAS survey probes more deeply into the Zone of Avoidance,our optically-selected survey provides better sampling of structures atb_II_ >= 10^deg^.
|An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.|
A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect.
|Large-Scale Structures in the Zone of Avoidance: The Galactic Anticenter Region|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1995ApJ...449..527L&db_key=AST
|The Tully-Fisher relation of the IRAS minisurvey galaxies|
We investigated the possible influence on the Tully-Fisher relation ofactive massive star formation in IRAS galaxies, in order to estimate thecontribution of star formation to their near-infrared luminosity. Weobserved 60 galaxies from the infrared complete so- called IRASMinisurvey sample in the 21 cm H1 line at Arecibo, determined thenear-infrared (H-band) Tully-Fisher relation for the 36 objects in thesample we judged to be usable for this purpose, and compared thisrelation with that of optically selected normal galaxies. The resultsshow no significant enhancement of the near- infrared luminosities ofthe IRAS Minisurvey galaxies compared to those of the optically selectednormal glaxies. From these results we inferred that in the minisurveygalaxies the average contribution of the active massive star formationto the total near-infrared luminosity is less and that exponential decaytimes for the starbursts occurring in the Minisurvey galaxies are of theorder of 10 Myr. The Tully-Fisher relation shows one exceptional galaxy(IRAS 03565+2139) with an about 25 times higher luminosity than averagefor its rotational velocity.
|Infrared emission in paired galaxies. II - Luminosity functions and far-infrared properties|
The optical and FIR luminosities and other FIR properties areinvestigated for pairs of galaxies selected from the Catalog of IsolatedPairs of Galaxies in the Northern Sky. Significant evidence is found foran enhancement in both the optical and FIR emission from galaxies inpairs which can be attributed to interaction-induced star formationactivity. The enhancement is seen in the optical luminosity function forall types of pairs, including early-type binaries. At FIR wavelengths,both late-type and mixed morphology pairs show an enhancement inluminosity, FIR-to-optical luminosity ratio, and FIR 60/100 micron colorratio. A significant fraction of these pairs may be involved in directcollisions resulting in the stimulation of excess emission from bothpair components.
|The radio properties of galaxies with high far-infrared luminosities|
Observations have been made with the Very Large Array, mainly at 5 GHz,of a sample of galaxies with high far-infrared luminosities selectedfrom the Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) minisurvey. The surfacebrightnesses of the minisurvey sources are greater than those of thedisks of normal galaxies but are similar to those of the central radiosources in these galaxies; the minisurvey sources, however, have muchlarger luminosities and physical sizes than these central sources. Onthe basis of the available data at all wavelengths, it is concluded thatthe far-infrared and radio emission from the minisurvey galaxies iscaused by star formation, not by active nuclei. It is found that thesize of the radio source is inversely correlated with the 60-100 microncolor temperature but is independent of the far-infrared luminosity.
|IRAS galaxy redshifts|
Redshifts and brief spectral information are presented for 90 IRASgalaxies. A subsample selected from IRAS circulars 11 and 16 to havehigh 25 micron to 60 micron flux-density ratio includes many Seyfertgalaxies, two of which show broad lines.
|A further study of the relation of the radio-far-infrared in galaxies. I - Observations and data processing|
The radio luminosities of 99 galaxies at 6.3 cm (and of 31 of them at2.8 cm) are determined on the basis of observations obtained with the100-m Effelsberg radio telescope during March-August 1984 and comparedto the IRAS color-corrected FIR luminosities, extending the survey of deJong et al. (1985). The data-reduction procedures are described, and theresults are presented in extensive tables and maps and brieflycharacterized. The correlation of radio to FIR luminosity is confirmedover about four decades in both parameters, and the dispersion of logP(6.3 cm)/L(FIR) is found to be about 0.2, which is significantlysmaller than the dispersion found by de Jong et al. The improvement isattributed to color correction, integration over the 100-60-micronrange, and the exclusion of ambiguous identifications.
|Near-infrared observations of IRAS minisurvey galaxies|
Near-infrared photometry was obtained for 82 galaxies from the InfraredAstronomy Satellite (IRAS) minisurvey, a sample of infrared selectedgalaxies. The near-infrared colors of these galaxies are similar tothose of normal field spiral galaxies, but cover a larger range in J - Hand H - K. There is evidence of a tighter correlation between the nearand far infrared emission than exists between far-infrared and thevisible emission. These results suggest that hot dust emissioncontributes to the 2.2 micron luminosity, and extinction by dust affectsboth the near-infrared colors and the visible luminosities. In addition,there is an indication that the far-infrared emission in many of theminisurvey galaxies is coming from a strong nuclear component.
|Far infrared emission from galaxies|
Until recently far infrared (FIR) observations of galaxies were limitedto about a dozen bright and/or active galaxies. New photometric data hasbecome available from Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) on 33galaxies (most of them faint). The FIR spectra of these galaxies aresimilar. The far infrared flux in the wavelength interval 9-118 micronsof the brighter galaxies is seen to be correlated with the integratedoptical magnitude. The 12 and 25 microns fluxes of these galaxiesexhibit the same dependence on the integrated optical magnitude as the10 and 21 microns fluxes for Seyferts and other emission-line galaxies.This suggests that the galaxies detected by IRAS are some type of activegalaxies in accord with the high percentage of these galaxies predictedby Lock and Rowan-Robinson (1983).
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